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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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TITLE:  Salmonella resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins: prevalence and epidemiology
 
AUTHORS:  Arlet G;Barrett TJ;Butaye P;Cloeckaert A;Mulvey MR;White DG;
 
YEAR:  2006
 
MONTH:  Jun
 
TYPE:  JOUR
 
REFMAN INDEX:  209
 
JOURNAL FULL:  Microbes Infect
 
VOLUME:  8
 
ISSUE:  7
 
START PAGE:  1945
 
END PAGE:  1954
 
KEYWORDS:  Animals;Anti-Bacterial Agents;beta-Lactamases;Cephalosporin Resistance;Cephalosporins;drug effects;epidemiology;Food;Food Microbiology;Humans;microbiology;pharmacology;Poultry;Prevalence;Public Health;Salmonella;Salmonella enterica;Salmonella Food Poisoning;Salmonella Infections;Salmonella Infections,Animal;
 
ABSTRACT:  Salmonella resistant to extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs) have emerged worldwide since 1988. By 2004, 43 countries had reported this public health problem. Resistance was mediated by classical extended-spectrum beta-lactamases, plasmid-mediated cephalosporinases, and recently a class A carbapenemase. Of these, CMY-2 is the most widely disseminated enzyme. Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium and S. enterica serotype Enteritidis are the most common serovars associated with ESC resistance in human infections. Many outbreaks in humans have been reported, most often among children and neonates. ESC-resistant Salmonella is frequently recovered from animals and food, with poultry as primary food source, suggesting that humans are often infected by these routes
 
AFFILIATIONS:  Departement de Bacteriologie, UPRES EA2392, Faculte de Medecine Pierre et Marie Curie, 27 rue de Chaligny, Paris, France. guillaume.arlet@tnn.aphp.fr
 
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