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TITLE:  Retail meat and poultry as a reservoir of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli
 
AUTHORS:  Schroeder CM;White DG;Meng JH;
 
YEAR:  2004
 
MONTH:  Jun
 
TYPE:  JOUR
 
REFMAN INDEX:  532
 
JOURNAL FULL:  Food Microbiology
 
VOLUME:  21
 
ISSUE:  3
 
START PAGE:  249
 
END PAGE:  255
 
KEYWORDS:  antibiotic resistance;ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE;antimicrobial;Cephalosporins;EMERGENCE;Escherichia coli;Fluoroquinolones;Food;FOOD ANIMALS;GROUND-BEEF;HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME;Humans;INFECTIONS;Maryland;Meat;O157-H7;Phenotype;Poultry;retail meat;Risk Assessment;Safety;Salmonella;TRIMETHOPRIM-SULFAMETHOXAZOLE;
 
ABSTRACT:  The purpose of this review article is to summarize steadily accruing evidence from around the world which indicate retail meat and poultry are a reservoir of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli. The majority of E coli recovered from retail meat and poultry have been found resistant to at least one antimicrobial, and an increasing proportion have been found resistant to clinically important, frontline antimicrobials, including trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, fluoroquinolones, and third-generation cephalos-porins. Continued surveillance throughout the food production continuum is needed to detect emerging resistance phenotypes. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
 
AFFILIATIONS:  Univ Maryland, Dpet Nut & Food Sci, College Pk, MD 20301 USAUS FDA, Ctr Vet Med, Laurel, MD 20708 USA
 
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