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Article, Chapter, or Book Title:  Antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter isolates from retail meat in the United States between 2002 and 2007
 
Author(s):  Zhao S, Young SR, Tong E, Abbott JW, Womack N, Friedman SL, McDermott PF
 
Year:  2010
 
Journal Abbrev, Book Title, or Conference:  Appl Environ Microbiol
 
Journal Full Name:  Applied and Environmental Microbiology
 
Issue:  24
 
Volume:  76
 
Start Page:  7,949
 
End Page:  7,956
 
Key Words:  Campylobacter, retail meats, antimicrobial resistance, NARMS, C. coli, C. jejuni,
 
Abstract:  The emergence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter spp. has been a growing public health concern globally. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility, and genetic relatedness of Campylobacter spp. recovered by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) retail meat program. Retail meat samples (n = 24,566) from 10 U.S. states collected between 2002 and 2007, consisting of 6,138 chicken breast, 6,109 ground turkey, 6,171 ground beef, and 6,148 pork chop samples, were analyzed. A total of 2,258 Campylobacter jejuni, 925 Campylobacter coli, and 7 Campylobacter lari isolates were identified. Chicken breast samples showed the highest contamination rate (49.9%), followed by ground turkey (1.6%), whereas both pork chops and ground beef had <0.5% contamination. The most common resistance was to doxycycline/tetracycline (46.6%), followed by nalidixic acid (18.5%), ciprofloxacin (17.4%), azithromycin and erythromycin (2.8%), telithromycin (2.4%), clindamycin (2.2%), and gentamicin (<0.1%). In a subset of isolates tested, no resistance to meropenem and florfenicol was seen. C. coli isolates showed higher resistance rates to antimicrobials, with the exception of doxycycline/tetracycline, than those seen for C. jejuni. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) fingerprinting resulted in 1,226 PFGE profiles among the 2,318 isolates, with many clones being widely dispersed throughout the 6-year sampling period. 
 
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