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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 6]
[Revised as of April 1, 2014]
[CITE: 21CFR582]





TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER E--ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS
 
PART 582SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
 

Subpart A--General Provisions

Sec. 582.1 Substances that are generally recognized as safe.

(a) It is impracticable to list all substances that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use. However, by way of illustration, the Commissioner regards such common food ingredients as salt, pepper, sugar, vinegar, baking powder, and monosodium glutamate as safe for their intended use. The lists in subparts B through H of this part include additional substances that, when used for the purposes indicated, in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice, are regarded by the Commissioner as generally recognized as safe for such uses.

(b) For the purposes of this section, good manufacturing or feeding practice shall be defined to include the following restrictions:

(1) The quantity of a substance added to animal food does not exceed the amount reasonably required to accomplish its intended physical, nutritional, or other technical effect in food; and

(2) The quantity of a substance that becomes a component of animal food as a result of its use in the manufacturing, processing, or packaging of food, and which is not intended to accomplish any physical or other technical effect in the food itself, shall be reduced to the extent reasonably possible.

(3) The substance is of appropriate grade and is prepared and handled as a food ingredient. Upon request the Commissioner will offer an opinion, based on specifications and intended use, as to whether or not a particular grade or lot of the substance is of suitable purity for use in food and would generally be regarded as safe for the purpose intended, by experts qualified to evaluate its safety.

(c) The inclusion of substances in the list of nutrients does not constitute a finding on the part of the Department that the substance is useful as a supplement to the diet for animals.

(d) Substances that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use within the meaning of section 409 of the Act are listed in subparts B through H of this part. When the status of a substance has been reevaluated and affirmed as GRAS or deleted from subparts B through H of this part, an appropriate explanation will be noted, e.g., "affirmed as GRAS," "food additive regulation," "interim food additive regulation," or "prohibited from use in food," with a reference to the appropriate new regulation. Such notation will apply only to the specific use covered by the review, e.g., direct animal food use and/or indirect animal food use and/or animal feed use and will not affect its status for other uses not specified in the referenced regulation, pending a specific review of such other uses.

Sec. 582.10 Spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings.

Spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the act, are as follows:

Common nameBotanical name of plant source
Alfalfa herb and seedMedicago sativa L.
AllspicePimenta officinalis Lindl.
Ambrette seedHibiscus abelmoschus L.
AngelicaAngelica archangelica L. or other spp. of Angelica.
Angelica root Do.
Angelica seed Do.
Angostura (cusparia bark)Galipea officinalis Hancock.
AnisePimpinella anisum L.
Anise, starIllicium verum Hook. f.
Balm (lemon balm)Melissa officinalis L.
Basil, bushOcimum minimum L.
Basil, sweetOcimum basilicum L.
BayLaurus nobilis L.
CalendulaCalendula officinalis L.
Camomile (chamomile), English or RomanAnthemis nobilis L.
Camomile (chamomile), German or HungarianMatricaria chamomilla L.
CapersCapparis spinosa L.
CapsicumCapsicum frutescens L. or Capsicum annuum L.
CarawayCarum carvi L.
Caraway, black (black cumin)Nigella sativa L.
Cardamom (cardamon)Elettaria cardamomum Maton.
Cassia, ChineseCinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cassia, Padang or BataviaCinnamomum burmanni Blume.
Cassia, SaigonCinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Cayenne pepperCapsicum frutescens L. or Capsicum annuum L.
Celery seedApium graveolens L.
ChervilAnthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm.
ChivesAllium schoenoprasum L.
Cinnamon, CeylonCinnamomum zeylanicum Nees.
Cinnamon, ChineseCinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cinnamon, SaigonCinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Clary (clary sage)Salvia sclarea L.
CloverTrifolium spp.
ClovesEugenia caryophyllata Thunb.
CorianderCoriandrum sativum L.
Cumin (cummin)Cuminum cyminum L.
Cumin, black (black caraway)Nigella sativa L.
DillAnethum graveolens L.
Elder flowersSambucus canadensis L.
Fennel, commonFoeniculum vulgare Mill.
Fennel, sweet (finocchio, Florence fennel)Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. duice (DC.) Alex.
FenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum L.
Galanga (galangal)Alpina officinarum Hance.
GarlicAllium sativum L.
GeraniumPelargonium spp.
GingerZingiber officinale Rosc.
GlycyrrhizaGlycyrrhiza glabra L. and other spp. of Glycyrrhiza.
Grains of paradiseAmomum melegueta Rosc.
Horehound (hoarhound)Marrubium vulgare L.
HorseradishArmoracia lapathifolia Gilib.
HyssopHyssopus officinalis L.
LavenderLavandula officinalis Chaix.
LicoriceGlycyrrhiza glabra L. and other spp. of Glycyrrhiza.
Linden flowersTilia spp.
MaceMyristica fragrans Houtt.
Marigold, potCalendula officinalis L.
Marjoram, potMajorana onites (L.) Benth.
Marjoram, sweetMajorana hortensis Moench.
Mustard, black or brownBrassica nigra (L.) Koch.
Mustard, brownBrassica juncea (L.) Coss.
Mustard, white or yellowBrassica hirta Moench.
NutmegMyristica fragrans Houtt.
Oregano (oreganum, Mexican oregano, Mexican sage, origan)Lippia spp.
PaprikaCapsicum annuum L.
ParsleyPetroselinum crispum (Mill.) Mansf.
Pepper, blackPiper nigrum L.
Pepper, cayenneCapsicum frutescens L. or Capsicum annuum L.
Pepper, red Do.
Pepper, whitePiper nigrum L.
PeppermintMentha piperita L.
Poppy seedPapaver somniferum L.
Pot marigoldCalendula officinalis L.
Pot marjoramMajorana onites (L.) Benth.
RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis L.
RueRuta graveolens L.
SaffronCrocus sativus L.
SageSalvia officinalis L.
Sage, GreekSalvia triloba L.
Savory, summerSatureia hortensis L. (Satureja).
Savory, winterSatureia montana L. (Satureja).
SesameSesamum indicum L.
SpearmintMentha spicata L.
Star aniseIllicium verum Hook. f.
TarragonArtemisia dracunculus L.
ThymeThymus vulgaris L.
Thyme, wild or creepingThymus serpyllum L.
TurmericCurcuma longa L.
VanillaVanilla planifolia Andr. or Vanilla tahitensis J. W. Moore.
ZedoaryCurcuma zedoaria Rosc.
Sec. 582.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).

Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates) that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the act, are as follows:

Common nameBotanical name of plant source
AlfalfaMedicago sativa L.
AllspicePimenta officinalis Lindl.
Almond, bitter (free from prussic acid)Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus armeniaca L. or Prunus persica (L.) Batsch.
Ambrette (seed)Hibiscus moschatus Moench.
Angelica rootAngelica archangelica L.
Angelica seed Do.
Angelica stem Do.
Angostura (cusparia bark)Galipea officinalis Hancock.
AnisePimpinella anisum L.
AsafetidaFerula assa-foetida L. and related spp. of Ferula.
Balm (lemon balm)Melissa officinalis L.
Balsam of PeruMyroxylon pereirae Klotzsch.
BasilOcimum basilicum L.
Bay leavesLaurus nobilis L.
Bay (myrcia oil)Pimenta racemosa (Mill.) J. W. Moore.
Bergamot (bergamot orange)Citrus aurantium L. subsp. bergamia Wright et Arn.
Bitter almond (free from prussic acid)Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus armeniaca L., or Prunus persica (L.) Batsch.
Bois de roseAniba rosaeodora Ducke.
CacaoTheobroma cacao L.
Camomile (chamomile) flowers, HungarianMatricaria chamomilla L.
Camomile (chamomile) flowers, Roman or EnglishAnthemis nobilis L.
CanangaCananga odorata Hook. f. and Thoms.
CapsicumCapsicum frutescens L. and Capsicum annuum L.
CarawayCarum carvi L.
Cardamom seed (cardamon)Elettaria cardamomum Maton.
Carob beanCeratonia siliqua L.
CarrotDaucus carota L.
Cascarilla barkCroton eluteria Benn.
Cassia bark, ChineseCinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cassia bark, Padang or BataviaCinnamomum burmanni Blume.
Cassia bark, SaigonCinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Celery seedApium graveolens L.
Cherry, wild, barkPrunus serotina Ehrh.
ChervilAnthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm.
ChicoryCichorium intybus L.
Cinnamon bark, CeylonCinnamomum zeylanicum Nees.
Cinnamon bark, ChineseCinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cinnamon bark, SaigonCinnamomum loureirii Nees.
Cinnamon leaf, CeylonCinnamomum zeylanicum Nees.
Cinnamon leaf, ChineseCinnamomum cassia Blume.
Cinnamon leaf, SaigonCinnamomum loureirii Nees.
CitronellaCymbopogon nardus Rendle.
Citrus peelsCitrus spp.
Clary (clary sage)Salvia sclarea L.
Clove budEugenia caryophyllata Thunb.
Clove leaf Do.
Clove stem Do.
CloverTrifolium spp.
Coca (decocainized)Erythroxylum coca Lam. and other spp. of Erythroxylum.
CoffeeCoffea spp.
Cola nutCola acuminata Schott and Endl., and other spp. of Cola.
CorianderCoriandrum sativum L.
Corn silkZea mays L.
Cumin (cummin)Cuminum cyminum L.
Curacao orange peel (orange, bitter peel)Citrus aurantium L.
Cusparia barkGalipea officinalis Hancock.
DandelionTaraxacum officinale Weber and T. laevigatum DC.
Dandelion root Do.
DillAnethum graveolens L.
Dog grass (quackgrass, triticum)Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.
Elder flowersSambucus canadensis L. and S. nigra L.
Estragole (esdragol, esdragon, tarragon)Artemisia dracunculus L.
Estragon (tarragon) Do.
Fennel, sweetFoeniculum vulgare Mill.
FenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum L.
Galanga (galangal)Alpinia officinarum Hance.
GarlicAllium sativum L.
GeraniumPelargonium spp.
Geranium, East IndianCymbopogon martini Stapf.
Geranium, rosePelargonium graveolens L'Her.
GingerZingiber officinale Rosc.
GlycyrrhizaGlycyrrhiza glabra L. and other spp. of Glycyrrhiza.
Glycyrrhizin, ammoniated Do.
GrapefruitCitrus paradisi Macf.
GuavaPsidium spp.
Hickory barkCarya spp.
Horehound (hoarhound)Marrubium vulgare L.
HopsHumulus lupulus L.
HorsemintMonarda punctata L.
HyssopHyssopus officinalis L.
ImmortelleHelichrysum augustifolium DC.
JasmineJaminum officinale L. and other spp. of Jasminum.
Juniper (berries)Juniperus communis L.
Kola nutCola acuminata Schott and Endl., and other spp. of Cola.
Laurel berriesLaurus nobilis L.
Laurel leavesLaurus spp.
LavenderLavandula officinalis Chaix.
Lavender, spikeLavandula latifolia Vill.
LavandinHybrids between Lavandula officinalis Chaix and Lavandula latifolin Vill.
LemonCitrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Lemon balm (see balm).
Lemon grassCymbopogon citratus DC. and Cymbopogon flexuosus Stapf.
Lemon peelCitrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
LicoriceGlycyrrhiza glabra L. and other spp. of Glycyrrhiza.
LimeCitrus aurantifolia Swingle.
Linden flowersTilia spp.
Locust beanCeratonia siliqua L.
LupulinHumulus lupulus L.
MaceMyristica fragrans Houtt.
Malt (extract)Hordeum vulgare L., or other grains.
MandarinCitrus reticulata Blanco.
Marjoram, sweetMajorana hortensis Moench.
Mate 1Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.
Melissa (see balm).
MentholMentha spp.
Menthyl acetate Do.
Molasses (extract)Saccharum officinarum L.
MustardBrassica spp.
NaringinCitrus paradisi Macf.
Neroli, bigaradeCitrus aurantium L.
NutmegMyristica fragrans Houtt.
OnionAllium cepa L.
Orange, bitter, flowersCitrus aurantium L.
Orange, bitter, peel Do.
Orange leafCitrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck.
Orange, sweet Do.
Orange, sweet, flowers Do.
Orange, sweet, peel Do.
OriganumOriganum spp.
PalmarosaCymbopogon martini Stapf.
PaprikaCapsicum annuum L.
ParsleyPetroselinum crispum (Mill.) Mansf.
Pepper, blackPiper nigrum L.
Pepper, whitePiper nigrum L.
PeppermintMentha piperita L.
Peruvian balsamMyroxylon pereirae Klotzsch.
PetitgrainCitrus aurantium L.
Petitgrain lemonCitrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
Petitgrain mandarin or tangerineCitrus reticulata Blanco.
PimentaPimenta officinalis Lindl.
Pimenta leafPrimenta officinalis Lindl.
Pipsissewa leavesChimaphila umbellata Nutt.
PomegranatePunica granatum L.
Prickly ash barkXanthoxylum (or Zanthoxylum) Americanum Mill. or Xanthoxylum clava-herculis L.
Rose absoluteRosa alba L., Rosa centifolia L., Rosa damascena Mill., Rosa gallica L., and vars. of these spp.
Rose (otto of roses, attar of roses) Do.
Rose buds Do.
Rose flowers Do.
Rose fruit (hips) Do.
Rose geraniumPelargonium graveolens L'Her.
Rose leavesRosa spp.
RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis L.
RueRuta graveolens L.
SaffronCrocus sativus L.
SageSalvia officinalis L.
Sage, GreekSalvia triloba L.
Sage, SpanishSalvia lavandulaefolia Vahl.
St. John's breadCeratonia siliqua L.
Savory, summerSatureia hortensis L.
Savory, winterSatureia montana L.
Schinus molleSchinus molle L.
Sloe berries (blackthorn berries)Prunus spinosa L.
SpearmintMentha spicata L.
Spike lavenderLavandula latifolia Vill.
TamarindTamarindus indica L.
TangerineCitrus reticulata Blanco.
Tannic acidNutgalls of Quercus infectoria Oliver and related spp. of Quercus. Also in many other plants.
TarragonArtemisia dracunculus L.
TeaThea sinensis L.
ThymeThymus vulgaris L. and Thymus zygis var. gracilis Boiss.
Thyme, white Do.
Thyme, wild or creepingThymus serpyllum L.
Triticum (see dog grass).
TuberosePolianthes tuberosa L.
TurmericCurcuma longa L.
VanillaVanilla planifolia Andr. or Vanilla tahitensis J. W. Moore.
Violet flowersViola odorata L.
Violet leaves Do.
Violet leaves absolute Do.
Wild cherry barkPrunus serotina Ehrh.
Ylang-ylangCananga odorata Hook. f. and Thoms.
Zedoary barkCurcuma zedoaria Rosc.
Sec. 582.30 Natural substances used in conjunction with spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings.

Natural substances used in conjunction with spices and other natural seasonings and flavorings that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the act, are as follows:

Common nameBotanical name of plant source
Algae, brown (kelp)Laminaria spp. and Nereocystis spp.
Algae, redPorphyra spp. and Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev.
DulseRhodymenia palmata (L.)
Sec. 582.40 Natural extractives (solvent-free) used in conjunction with spices, seasonings, and flavorings.

Natural extractives (solvent-free) used in conjunction with spices, seasonings, and flavorings that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the act, are as follows:

Common nameBotanical name of plant source
Algae, brownLaminaria spp. and Nereocystis spp.
Algae, redPorphyra spp. and Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev.
Apricot kernel (persic oil)Prunus armeniaca L.
DulseRhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev.
Kelp (see algae, brown).
Peach kernel (persic oil)Prunus persica Sieb. et Zucc.
Peanut stearineArachis hypogaea L.
Persic oil (see apricot kernel and peach kernel).
Quince seedCydonia oblonga Miller.
Sec. 582.50 Certain other spices, seasonings, essential oils, oleoresins, and natural extracts.

Certain other spices, seasonings, essential oils, oleoresins, and natural extracts that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the act, are as follows:

Common nameDerivation
AmbergrisPhyseter macrocephalus L.
CastoreumCastor fiber L. and C. canadensis Kuhl.
Civet (zibeth, zibet, zibetum)Civet cats, Viverra civetta Schreber and Viverra zibetha Schreber.
Cognac oil, white and greenEthyl oenanthate, so-called.
Musk (Tonquin musk)Musk deer, Moschus moschiferus L.
Sec. 582.60 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.

Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use, within the meaning of section 409 of the act, are as follows:

Acetaldehyde (ethanal).

Acetoin (acetyl methylcarbinol).

Aconitic acid (equisetic acid, citridic acid, achilleic acid).

Anethole (parapropenyl anisole).

Benzaldehyde (benzoic aldehyde).

N -Butyric acid (butanoic acid).

d - or l -Carvone (carvol).

Cinnamaldehyde (cinnamic aldehyde).

Citral (2,6-dimethyloctadien-2,6-al -8, geranial, neral).

Decanal (N -decylaldhehyde, capraldehyde, capric aldehyde, caprinaldehyde, aldehyde C -10).

Diacetyl (2,3-butandeione). Ethyl acetate. Ethyl butyrate.

3-Methyl-3-phenyl glycidic acid ethyl ester (ethyl-methyl-phenyl-glycidate, so-called strawberry aldehyde, C-16 aldehyde).

Ethyl vanillin.

Eugenol.

Geranoil (3,7-dimethyl-2,6 and 3,6-octadien-1-ol ).

Geranyl acetate (geraniol acetate).

Glycerol (glyceryl) tributyrate (tributyrin, butyrin).

Limonene (d-, l-, and dl- ).

Linalool (linalol, 3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-ol ).

Linalyl acetate (bergamol).

1-Malic acid.

Methyl anthranilate (methyl-2-aminobenzoate).

Piperonal (3,4-methylenedioxy-benzaldehyde, heliotropin).

Vanillin.

Sec. 582.80 Trace minerals added to animal feeds.

These substances added to animal feeds as nutritional dietary supplements are generally recognized as safe when added at levels consistent with good feeding practice. 1

ElementSource compounds
CobaltCobalt acetate.
Cobalt carbonate.
Cobalt chloride.
Cobalt oxide.
Cobalt sulfate.
CopperCopper carbonate.
Copper chloride.
Copper gluconate.
Copper hydroxide.
Copper orthophosphate.
Copper oxide.
Copper pyrophosphate.
Copper sulfate.
IodineCalcium iodate.
Calcium iodobehenate.
Cuprous iodide.
3,5-Diiodosalicylic acid.
Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide.
Potassium iodate.
Potassium iodide.
Sodium iodate.
Sodium iodide.
Thymol iodide.
IronIron ammonium citrate.
Iron carbonate.
Iron chloride.
Iron gluconate.
Iron oxide.
Iron phosphate.
Iron pyrophosphate.
Iron sulfate.
Reduced iron.
ManganeseManganese acetate.
Manganese carbonate.
Manganese citrate (soluble).
Manganese chloride.
Manganese gluconate.
Manganese orthophosphate.
Manganese phosphate (dibasic).
Manganese sulfate.
Manganous oxide.
ZincZinc acetate.
Zinc carbonate.
Zinc chloride.
Zinc oxide.
Zinc sulfate.

1All substances listed may be in anhydrous or hydrated form.

Sec. 582.99 Adjuvants for pesticide chemicals.

Adjuvants, identified and used in accordance with 40 CFR 180.1001(c) and (d), which are added to pesticide use dilutions by a grower or applicator prior to application to the raw agricultural commodity, are exempt from the requirement of tolerances under section 409 of the act.

Subpart B--General Purpose Food Additives

Sec. 582.1320 Glycerin.

(a) Product. Glycerin.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1324 Glyceryl monostearate.

(a) Product. Glyceryl monostearate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1355 Helium.

(a) Product. Helium.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1366 Hydrogen peroxide.

(a) Product. Hydrogen peroxide.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used as a bleaching agent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1400 Lecithin.

(a) Product. Lecithin.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1425 Magnesium carbonate.

(a) Product. Magnesium carbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1428 Magnesium hydroxide.

(a) Product. Magnesium hydroxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1431 Magnesium oxide.

(a) Product. Magnesium oxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1480 Methylcellulose.

(a) Product. U.S.P. methylcellulose, except that the methoxy content shall not be less than 27.5 percent and not more than 31.5 percent on a dry-weight basis.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1500 Monoammonium glutamate.

(a) Product. Monoammonium glutamate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1516 Monopotassium glutamate.

(a) Product. Monopotassium glutamate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1540 Nitrogen.

(a) Product. Nitrogen.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1585 Papain.

(a) Product. Papain.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1613 Potassium bicarbonate.

(a) Product. Potassium bicarbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1619 Potassium carbonate.

(a) Product. Potassium carbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1625 Potassium citrate.

(a) Product. Potassium citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1631 Potassium hydroxide.

(a) Product. Potassium hydroxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1643 Potassium sulfate.

(a) Product. Potassium sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1655 Propane.

(a) Product. Propane.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1666 Propylene glycol.

(a) Product. Propylene glycol.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe (except in cat food) when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

[41 FR 38657, Sept. 10, 1976, as amended at 61 FR 19544, May 2, 1996]

Sec. 582.1685 Rennet.

(a) Product. Rennet (rennin).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1711 Silica aerogel.

(a) Product. Silica aerogel as a finely powdered microcellular silica foam having a minimum silica content of 89.5 percent.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used as a component of antifoaming agents in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1721 Sodium acetate.

(a) Product. Sodium acetate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1736 Sodium bicarbonate.

(a) Product. Sodium bicarbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1742 Sodium carbonate.

(a) Product. Sodium carbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1745 Sodium carboxymethylcellulose.

(a) Product. Sodium carboxymethyl- cellulose is the sodium salt of carboxymethylcellulose not less than 99.5 percent on a dry-weight basis, with maximum substitution of 0.95 carboxymethyl groups per anhydroglucose unit, and with a minimum viscosity of 25 centipoises for 2 percent by weight aqueous solution at 25 deg. C.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1748 Sodium caseinate.

(a) Product. Sodium caseinate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1751 Sodium citrate.

(a) Product. Sodium citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1763 Sodium hydroxide.

(a) Product. Sodium hydroxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1775 Sodium pectinate.

(a) Product. Sodium pectinate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1778 Sodium phosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1781 Sodium aluminum phosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium aluminum phosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1792 Sodium sesquicarbonate.

(a) Product. Sodium sesquicarbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1804 Sodium potassium tartrate.

(a) Product. Sodium potassium tartrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1810 Sodium tripolyphosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium tripolyphosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1901 Triacetin.

(a) Product. Triacetin (glyceryl triacetate).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1973 Beeswax.

(a) Product. Beeswax (yellow wax).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1975 Bleached beeswax.

(a) Product. Bleached beeswax (white wax).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1978 Carnauba wax.

(a) Product. Carnauba wax.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1005 Acetic acid.

(a) Product. Acetic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1009 Adipic acid.

(a) Product. Adipic acid.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used as a buffer and neutralizing agent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1033 Citric acid.

(a) Product. Citric acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1057 Hydrochloric acid.

(a) Product. Hydrochloric acid.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used as a buffer and neutralizing agent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1061 Lactic acid.

(a) Product. Lactic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1069 Malic acid.

(a) Product. Malic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1073 Phosphoric acid.

(a) Product. Phosphoric acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1077 Potassium acid tartrate.

(a) Product. Potassium acid tartrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1087 Sodium acid pyrophosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium acid pyrophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1091 Succinic acid.

(a) Product. Succinic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1095 Sulfuric acid.

(a) Product. Sulfuric acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1099 Tartaric acid.

(a) Product. Tartaric acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1125 Aluminum sulfate.

(a) Product. Aluminum sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1127 Aluminum ammonium sulfate.

(a) Product. Aluminum ammonium sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1129 Aluminum potassium sulfate.

(a) Product. Aluminum potassium sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1131 Aluminum sodium sulfate.

(a) Product. Aluminum sodium sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1135 Ammonium bicarbonate.

(a) Product. Ammonium bicarbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1137 Ammonium carbonate.

(a) Product. Ammonium carbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1139 Ammonium hydroxide.

(a) Product. Ammonium hydroxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1141 Ammonium phosphate.

(a) Product. Ammonium phosphate (mono- and dibasic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1143 Ammonium sulfate.

(a) Product. Ammonium sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1155 Bentonite.

(a) Product. Bentonite.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1165 Butane.

(a) Product. Butane.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1191 Calcium carbonate.

(a) Product. Calcium carbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1193 Calcium chloride.

(a) Product. Calcium chloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1195 Calcium citrate.

(a) Product. Calcium citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1199 Calcium gluconate.

(a) Product. Calcium gluconate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1205 Calcium hydroxide.

(a) Product. Calcium hydroxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1207 Calcium lactate.

(a) Product. Calcium lactate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1210 Calcium oxide.

(a) Product. Calcium oxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1217 Calcium phosphate.

(a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1235 Caramel.

(a) Product. Caramel.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1240 Carbon dioxide.

(a) Product. Carbon dioxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.1275 Dextrans.

(a) Product. Dextrans of average molecular weight below 100,000.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Subpart C--Anticaking Agents

Sec. 582.2122 Aluminum calcium silicate.

(a) Product. Aluminum calcium silicate.

(b) Tolerance. 2 percent.

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in table salt in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.2227 Calcium silicate.

(a) Product. Calcium silicate.

(b) Tolerance. 2 percent and 5 percent.

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used at levels not exceeding 2 percent in table salt and 5 percent in baking powder in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.2437 Magnesium silicate.

(a) Product. Magnesium silicate.

(b) Tolerance. 2 percent.

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in table salt in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.2727 Sodium aluminosilicate.

(a) Product. Sodium aluminosilicate (sodium silicoaluminate).

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 2 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.2729 Hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate.

(a) Product. Hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (sodium calcium silicoaluminate).

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 2 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.2906 Tricalcium silicate.

(a) Product. Tricalcium silicate.

(b) Tolerance. 2 percent.

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in table salt in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Subpart D--Chemical Preservatives

Sec. 582.3013 Ascorbic acid.

(a) Product. Ascorbic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3021 Benzoic acid.

(a) Product. Benzoic acid.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.1 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3041 Erythorbic acid.

(a) Product. Erythorbic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3081 Propionic acid.

(a) Product. Propionic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3089 Sorbic acid.

(a) Product. Sorbic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3109 Thiodipropionic acid.

(a) Product. Thiodipropionic acid.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over 0.02 percent of fat or oil content including essential (volatile) oil content of the food, provided the substance is used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3149 Ascorbyl palmitate.

(a) Product. Ascorbyl palmitate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3169 Butylated hydroxyanisole.

(a) Product. Butylated hydroxyanisole.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over 0.02 percent of fat or oil content, including essential (volatile) oil content of food provided the substance is used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3173 Butylated hydroxytoluene.

(a) Product. Butylated hydroxytol- uene.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over 0.02 percent of fat or oil content, including essential (volatile) oil content of food provided the substance is used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3189 Calcium ascorbate.

(a) Product. Calcium ascorbate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3221 Calcium propionate.

(a) Product. Calcium propionate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3225 Calcium sorbate.

(a) Product. Calcium sorbate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3280 Dilauryl thiodipropionate.

(a) Product. Dilauryl thiodipropionate.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over 0.02 percent of fat or oil content, including essential (volatile) oil content of the food, provided the substance is used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3336 Gum guaiac.

(a) Product. Gum guaiac.

(b) Tolerance. 0.1 percent (equivalent antioxidant activity 0.01 percent).

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in edible fats or oils in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3490 Methylparaben.

(a) Product. Methylparaben (methyl p -hydroxybenzoate).

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.1 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3616 Potassium bisulfite.

(a) Product. Potassium bisulfite.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice, except that it is not used in meats or in food recognized as source of vitamin B1.

Sec. 582.3637 Potassium metabisulfite.

(a) Product. Potassium metabisulfite.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice, except that it is not used in meats or in food recognized as source of vitamin B1.

Sec. 582.3640 Potassium sorbate.

(a) Product. Potassium sorbate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3660 Propyl gallate.

(a) Product. Propyl gallate.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over 0.02 percent of fat or oil content, including essential (volatile) oil content of the food, provided the substance is used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3670 Propylparaben.

(a) Product. Propylparaben (propyl p -hydroxybenzoate).

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.1 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3731 Sodium ascorbate.

(a) Product. Sodium ascorbate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3733 Sodium benzoate.

(a) Product. Sodium benzoate.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.1 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3739 Sodium bisulfite.

(a) Product. Sodium bisulfite.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice, except that it is not used in meats or in food recognized as source of vitamin B1.

Sec. 582.3766 Sodium metabisulfite.

(a) Product. Sodium metabisulfite.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice, except that it is not used in meats or in food recognized as source of vitamin B1.

Sec. 582.3784 Sodium propionate.

(a) Product. Sodium propionate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3795 Sodium sorbate.

(a) Product. Sodium sorbate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3798 Sodium sulfite.

(a) Product. Sodium sulfite.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice, except that it is not used in meats or in food recognized as source of vitamin B1.

Sec. 582.3845 Stannous chloride.

(a) Product. Stannous chloride.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.0015 percent calculated as tin in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.3862 Sulfur dioxide.

(a) Product. Sulfur dioxide.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice, except that it is not used in meats or in food recognized as source of vitamin B1.

Sec. 582.3890 Tocopherols.

(a) Product. Tocopherols.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Subpart E--Emulsifying Agents

Sec. 582.4101 Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming fatty acids.

(a) Product. Diacetyl tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming fatty acids.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.4505 Mono- and diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming acids.

(a) Product. Mono- and diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming acids.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.4521 Monosodium phosphate derivatives of mono- and diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming fatty acids.

(a) Product. Monosodium phosphate derivatives of mono- and diglycerides of edible fats or oils, or edible fat-forming fatty acids.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.4666 Propylene glycol.

(a) Product. Propylene glycol.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Subpart F--Nutrients and/or Dietary Supplements 1

Sec. 582.5013 Ascorbic acid.

(a) Product. Ascorbic acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

1Amino acids listed in this subpart may be free hydrochloride salt, hydrated, or anhydrous form, where applicable.

Sec. 582.5017 Aspartic acid.

(a) Product. Aspartic acid (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5049 Aminoacetic acid.

(a) Product. Glycine (aminoacetic acid).

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in animal feeds in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5065 Linoleic acid.

(a) Product. Linoleic acid prepared from edible fats and oils and free from chick-edema factor.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5118 Alanine.

(a) Product. Alanine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5145 Arginine.

(a) Product. Arginine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5159 Biotin.

(a) Product. Biotin.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5191 Calcium carbonate.

(a) Product. Calcium carbonate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5195 Calcium citrate.

(a) Product. Calcium citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5201 Calcium glycerophosphate.

(a) Product. Calcium glycerophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5210 Calcium oxide.

(a) Product. Calcium oxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5212 Calcium pantothenate.

(a) Product. Calcium pantothenate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5217 Calcium phosphate.

(a) Product. Calcium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5223 Calcium pyrophosphate.

(a) Product. Calcium pyrophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5230 Calcium sulfate.

(a) Product. Calcium sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5245 Carotene.

(a) Product. Carotene.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5250 Choline bitartrate.

(a) Product. Choline bitartrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5252 Choline chloride.

(a) Product. Choline chloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5260 Copper gluconate.

(a) Product. Copper gluconate.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.005 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5271 Cysteine.

(a) Product. Cysteine (L-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5273 Cystine.

(a) Product. Cystine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5301 Ferric phosphate.

(a) Product. Ferric phosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5304 Ferric pyrophosphate.

(a) Product. Ferric pyrophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5306 Ferric sodium pyrophosphate.

(a) Product. Ferric sodium pyrophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5308 Ferrous gluconate.

(a) Product. Ferrous gluconate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5311 Ferrous lactate.

(a) Product. Ferrous lactate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5315 Ferrous sulfate.

(a) Product. Ferrous sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5361 Histidine.

(a) Product. Histidine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5370 Inositol.

(a) Product. Inositol.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5375 Iron reduced.

(a) Product. Iron reduced.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5381 Isoleucine.

(a) Product. Isoleucine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5406 Leucine.

(a) Product. Leucine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5411 Lysine.

(a) Product. Lysine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5431 Magnesium oxide.

(a) Product. Magnesium oxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5434 Magnesium phosphate.

(a) Product. Magnesium phosphate (di- and tribasic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5443 Magnesium sulfate.

(a) Product. Magnesium sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5446 Manganese chloride.

(a) Product. Manganese chloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5449 Manganese citrate.

(a) Product. Manganese citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5452 Manganese gluconate.

(a) Product. Manganese gluconate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5455 Manganese glycerophosphate.

(a) Product. Manganese glycerophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5458 Manganese hypophosphite.

(a) Product. Manganese hypophosphite.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5461 Manganese sulfate.

(a) Product. Manganese sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5464 Manganous oxide.

(a) Product. Manganous oxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5470 Mannitol.

(a) Product. Mannitol.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5475 Methionine.

(a) Product. Methionine.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in animal feeds in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5477 Methionine hydroxy analog and its calcium salts.

(a) Product. Methionine hydroxy analog and its calcium salts.

(b) [Reserved]

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in animal feeds in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5530 Niacin.

(a) Product. Niacin.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5535 Niacinamide.

(a) Product. Niacinamide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5580 D-Pantothenyl alcohol.

(a) Product. D-Pantothenyl alcohol.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5590 Phenylalanine.

(a) Product. Phenylalanine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5622 Potassium chloride.

(a) Product. Potassium chloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5628 Potassium glycerophosphate.

(a) Product. Potassium glycerophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5634 Potassium iodide.

(a) Product. Potassium iodide.

(b) Tolerance. 0.01 percent.

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in table salt as a source of dietary iodine in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5650 Proline.

(a) Product. Proline (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5676 Pyridoxine hydrochloride.

(a) Product. Pyridoxine hydrochloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5695 Riboflavin.

(a) Product. Riboflavin.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5697 Riboflavin-5-phosphate.

(a) Product. Riboflavin-5-phosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5701 Serine.

(a) Product. Serine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5772 Sodium pantothenate.

(a) Product. Sodium pantothenate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5778 Sodium phosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5835 Sorbitol.

(a) Product. Sorbitol.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5875 Thiamine hydrochloride.

(a) Product. Thiamine hydrochloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5878 Thiamine mononitrate.

(a) Product. Thiamine mononitrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5881 Threonine.

(a) Product. Threonine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5890 Tocopherols.

(a) Product. Tocopherols.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5892 a-Tocopherol acetate.

(a) Product. a -Tocopherol acetate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5915 Tryptophane.

(a) Product. Tryptophane (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5920 Tyrosine.

(a) Product. Tyrosine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5925 Valine.

(a) Product. Valine (L- and DL-forms).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5930 Vitamin A.

(a) Product. Vitamin A.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5933 Vitamin A acetate.

(a) Product. Vitamin A acetate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5936 Vitamin A palmitate.

(a) Product. Vitamin A palmitate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5945 Vitamin B12.

(a) Product. Vitamin B12.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5950 Vitamin D2.

(a) Product. Vitamin D2.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5953 Vitamin D3.

(a) Product. Vitamin D3.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5985 Zinc chloride.

(a) Product. Zinc chloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5988 Zinc gluconate.

(a) Product. Zinc gluconate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5991 Zinc oxide.

(a) Product. Zinc oxide.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5994 Zinc stearate.

(a) Product. Zinc stearate prepared from stearic acid free from chick-edema factor.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.5997 Zinc sulfate.

(a) Product. Zinc sulfate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Subpart G--Sequestrants 2

Sec. 582.6033 Citric acid.

(a) Product. Citric acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

2For the purpose of this subpart, no attempt has been made to designate those sequestrants that may also function as chemical preservatives.

Sec. 582.6085 Sodium acid phosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium acid phosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6099 Tartaric acid.

(a) Product. Tartaric acid.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6185 Calcium acetate.

(a) Product. Calcium acetate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6193 Calcium chloride.

(a) Product. Calcium chloride.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6195 Calcium citrate.

(a) Product. Calcium citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6197 Calcium diacetate.

(a) Product. Calcium diacetate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6199 Calcium gluconate.

(a) Product. Calcium gluconate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6203 Calcium hexametaphosphate.

(a) Product. Calcium hexametaphosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6215 Monobasic calcium phosphate.

(a) Product. Monobasic calcium phosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6219 Calcium phytate.

(a) Product. Calcium phytate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6285 Dipotassium phosphate.

(a) Product. Dipotassium phosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6290 Disodium phosphate.

(a) Product. Disodium phosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6386 Isopropyl citrate.

(a) Product. Isopropyl citrate.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.02 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6511 Monoisopropyl citrate.

(a) Product. Monoisopropyl citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6625 Potassium citrate.

(a) Product. Potassium citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

[41 FR 38657, Sept. 10, 1976. Redesignated at 42 FR 14091, Mar. 15, 1977]

Sec. 582.6751 Sodium citrate.

(a) Product. Sodium citrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

[41 FR 38657, Sept. 10, 1976. Redesignated at 42 FR 14091, Mar. 15, 1977]

Sec. 582.6754 Sodium diacetate.

(a) Product. Sodium diacetate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6757 Sodium gluconate.

(a) Product. Sodium gluconate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6760 Sodium hexametaphosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium hexametaphosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6769 Sodium metaphosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium metaphosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6778 Sodium phosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium phosphate (mono-, di-, and tribasic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6787 Sodium pyrophosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium pyrophosphate.

(b) Condition of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6789 Tetra sodium pyrophosphate.

(a) Product. Tetra sodium pyrophosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6801 Sodium tartrate.

(a) Product. Sodium tartrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6804 Sodium potassium tartrate.

(a) Product. Sodium potassium tartrate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6807 Sodium thiosulfate.

(a) Product. Sodium thiosulfate.

(b) Tolerance. 0.1 percent.

(c) Limitations, restrictions, or explanation. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in salt in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6810 Sodium tripolyphosphate.

(a) Product. Sodium tripolyphosphate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.6851 Stearyl citrate.

(a) Product. Stearyl citrate.

(b) Tolerance. This substance is generally recognized as safe for use at a level not exceeding 0.15 percent in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Subpart H--Stabilizers

Sec. 582.7115 Agar-agar.

(a) Product. Agar-agar.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7133 Ammonium alginate.

(a) Product. Ammonium alginate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7187 Calcium alginate.

(a) Product. Calcium alginate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7255 Chondrus extract.

(a) Product. Chondrus extract (carrageenin).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7330 Gum arabic.

(a) Product. Acacia (gum arabic).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7333 Gum ghatti.

(a) Product. Gum ghatti.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7339 Guar gum.

(a) Product. Guar gum.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7343 Locust bean gum.

(a) Product. Locust (carob) bean gum.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7349 Sterculia gum.

(a) Product. Sterculia gum (karaya gum).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7351 Gum tragacanth.

(a) Product. Tragacanth (gum tragacanth).

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7610 Potassium alginate.

(a) Product. Potassium alginate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Sec. 582.7724 Sodium alginate.

(a) Product. Sodium alginate.

(b) Conditions of use. This substance is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.

Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321, 342, 348, 371.
Source: 41 FR 38657, Sept. 10, 1976, unless otherwise noted.

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