• Decrease font size
  • Return font size to normal
  • Increase font size
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

  • Print
  • Share
  • E-mail
-
New Search
Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 8]
[Revised as of April 1, 2013]
[CITE: 21CFR870]





TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER H--MEDICAL DEVICES
 
PART 870CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES
 

Subpart F--Cardiovascular Therapeutic Devices

Sec. 870.5050 Patient care suction apparatus.

(a)Identification. A patient care suction apparatus is a device used with an intrathoracic catheter to withdraw fluid from the chest during the recovery period following surgery.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 870.5100 Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Catheter.

(a)Standard PTCA Catheter --(1)Identification . A PTCA catheter is a device that operates on the principle of hydraulic pressurization applied through an inflatable balloon attached to the distal end. A PTCA balloon catheter has a single or double lumen shaft. The catheter features a balloon of appropriate compliance for the clinical application, constructed from a polymer. The balloon is designed to uniformly expand to a specified diameter and length at a specific pressure as labeled, with well characterized rates of inflation and deflation and a defined burst pressure. The device generally features a type of radiographic marker to facilitate fluoroscopic visualization of the balloon during use. A PTCA catheter is intended for balloon dilatation of a hemodynamically significant coronary artery or bypass graft stenosis in patients evidencing coronary ischemia for the purpose of improving myocardial perfusion. A PTCA catheter may also be intended for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction; treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR) and/or post-deployment stent expansion.

(2)Classification . Class II (special controls). The special control for this device is "Class II Special Controls Guidance Document for Certain Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) Catheters." See 870.1(e) for the availability of this guidance document.

(b)Cutting/scoring PTCA Catheter --(1)Identification . A cutting/scoring PTCA catheter is a balloon-tipped catheter with cutting/scoring elements attached, which is used in those circumstances where a high pressure balloon resistant lesion is encountered. A cutting/scoring PTCA catheter is intended for the treatment of hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenosis for the purpose of improving myocardial perfusion. A cutting/scoring PTCA catheter may also be indicated for use in complex type C lesions or for the treatment of in-stent restenosis.

(2)Classification . Class III (premarket approval). As of May 28, 1976, an approval under section 515 of the act is required before this device may be commercially distributed. See 870.3.

[75 FR 54496, Sept. 8, 2010]

Sec. 870.5150 Embolectomy catheter.

(a)Identification. An embolectomy catheter is a balloon-tipped catheter that is used to remove thromboemboli, i.e., blood clots which have migrated in blood vessels from one site in the vascular tree to another.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 870.5175 Septostomy catheter.

(a)Identification. A septostomy catheter is a special balloon catheter that is used to create or enlarge the atrial septal defect found in the heart of certain infants.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 870.5200 External cardiac compressor.

(a)Identification. An external cardiac compressor is an external device that is electrically, pneumatically, or manually powered and is used to compress the chest periodically in the region of the heart to provide blood flow during cardiac arrest.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. No effective date has been established of the requirement for premarket approval. See 870.3.

[45 FR 7907, Feb. 5, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17737, May 11, 1987]

Sec. 870.5225 External counter-pulsating device.

(a)Identification. An external counter-pulsating device is a noninvasive device used to assist the heart by applying positive or negative pressure to one or more of the body's limbs in synchrony with the heart cycle.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. No effective date has been established of the requirement for premarket approval. See 870.3.

[45 FR 7907, Feb. 5, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17737, May 11, 1987]

Sec. 870.5300 DC-defibrillator (including paddles).

(a)Low-energy DC-defibrillator --(1)Identification. A low-energy DC-defibrillator is a device that delivers into a 50 ohm test load an electrical shock of a maximum of 360 joules of energy used for defibrillating (restoring normal heart rhythm) the atria or ventricles of the heart or to terminate other cardiac arrhythmias. This generic type of device includes low energy defibrillators with a maximum electrical output of less than 360 joules of energy that are used in pediatric defibrillation or in cardiac surgery. The device may either synchronize the shock with the proper phase of the electrocardiogram or may operate asynchronously. The device delivers the electrical shock through paddles placed either directly across the heart or on the surface of the body.

(2)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

(b)High-energy DC-defibrillator --(1)Identification. A high-energy DC-defibrillator is a device that delivers into a 50 ohm test load an electrical shock of greater than 360 joules of energy used for defibrillating the atria or ventricles of the heart or to terminate other cardiac arrhythmias. The device may either synchronize the shock with the proper phase of the electrocardiogram or may operate asynchronously. The device delivers the electrical shock through paddles placed either directly across the heart or on the surface of the body.

(2)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before December 26, 1996 for any DC-defibrillator (including paddles) described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has, on or before December 26, 1996 been found to be substantially equivalent to a DC-defibrillator (including paddles) described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other DC-defibrillator (including paddles) described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section shall have an approved PMA or declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[45 FR 7907, Feb. 5, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17737, May 11, 1987; 61 FR 50706, Sept. 27, 1996]

Sec. 870.5310 Automated external defibrillator.

(a)Identification. An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a low-energy device with a rhythm recognition detection system that delivers into a 50 ohm test load an electrical shock of a maximum of 360 joules of energy used for defibrillating (restoring normal heart rhythm) the atria or ventricles of the heart. An AED analyzes the patient's electrocardiogram, interprets the cardiac rhythm, and automatically delivers an electrical shock (fully automated AED), or advises the user to deliver the shock (semi-automated or shock advisory AED) to treat ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval)

(c)Date PMA or notice of PDP is required. No effective date has been established of the requirement for premarket approval. See 870.3.

[68 FR 61344, Oct. 28, 2003; 69 FR 10615, Mar. 8, 2004]

Sec. 870.5325 Defibrillator tester.

(a)Identification. A defibrillator tester is a device that is connected to the output of a defibrillator and is used to measure the energy delivered by the defibrillator into a standard resistive load. Some testers also provide waveform information.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 870.5550 External transcutaneous cardiac pacemaker (noninvasive).

(a)Identification. An external transcutaneous cardiac pacemaker (noninvasive) is a device used to supply a periodic electrical pulse intended to pace the heart. The pulse from the device is usually applied to the surface of the chest through electrodes such as defibrillator paddles.

(b)Classification. Class II. The special controls for this device are:

(1) "American National Standards Institute/American Association for Medical Instrumentation's DF-21 `Cardiac Defibrillator Devices' " 2d ed., 1996, and

(2) "The maximum pulse amplitude should not exceed 200 milliamperes. The maximum pulse duration should not exceed 50 milliseconds."

[45 FR 7907, Feb. 5, 1980, as amended at 52 FR 17737, May 11, 1987; 65 FR 17144, Mar. 31, 2000]

Sec. 870.5800 Compressible limb sleeve.

(a)Identification. A compressible limb sleeve is a device that is used to prevent pooling of blood in a limb by inflating periodically a sleeve around the limb.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 870.5900 Thermal regulating system.

(a)Identification. A thermal regulating system is an external system consisting of a device that is placed in contact with the patient and a temperature controller for the device. The system is used to regulate patient temperature.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 870.5925 Automatic rotating tourniquet.

(a)Identification. An automatic rotating tourniquet is a device that prevents blood flow in one limb at a time, which temporarily reduces the total blood volume, thereby reducing the normal workload of the heart.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Authority: 21 U.S.C. 351, 360, 360c, 360e, 360j, 371.
Source: 45 FR 7907-7971, Feb. 5, 1980, unless otherwise noted.

-
-