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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 8]
[Revised as of April 1, 2013]
[CITE: 21CFR882]





TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER H--MEDICAL DEVICES
 
PART 882NEUROLOGICAL DEVICES
 

Subpart F--Neurological Therapeutic Devices

Sec. 882.5030 Methyl methacrylate for aneurysmorrhaphy.

(a)Identification. Methyl methacrylate for aneurysmorrhaphy (repair of aneurysms, which are balloonlike sacs formed on blood vessels) is a self-curing acrylic used to encase and reinforce intracranial aneurysms that are not amenable to conservative management, removal, or obliteration by aneurysm clip.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5050 Biofeedback device.

(a)Identification. A biofeedback device is an instrument that provides a visual or auditory signal corresponding to the status of one or more of a patient's physiological parameters (e.g., brain alpha wave activity, muscle activity, skin temperature, etc.) so that the patient can control voluntarily these physiological parameters.

(b)Classification. Class II (special controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter when it is a prescription battery powered device that is indicated for relaxation training and muscle reeducation and prescription use, subject to 882.9.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 63 FR 59229, Nov. 3, 1998]

Sec. 882.5070 Bite block.

(a)Identification. A bite block is a device inserted into a patient's mouth to protect the tongue and teeth while the patient is having convulsions.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5150 Intravascular occluding catheter.

(a)Identification. An intravascular occluding catheter is a catheter with an inflatable or detachable balloon tip that is used to block a blood vessel to treat malformations, e.g., aneurysms (balloonlike sacs formed on blood vessels) of intracranial blood vessels.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before December 26, 1996 for any intravascular occluding catheter that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has, on or before December 26, 1996 been found to be substantially equivalent to an intravascular occluding catheter that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other intravascular occluding catheter shall have an approved PMA or a declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 52 FR 17740, May 11, 1987; 61 FR 50708, Sept. 27, 1996]

Sec. 882.5175 Carotid artery clamp.

(a)Identification. A carotid artery clamp is a device that is surgically placed around a patient's carotid artery (the principal artery in the neck that supplies blood to the brain) and has a removable adjusting mechanism that protrudes through the skin of the patient's neck. The clamp is used to occlude the patient's carotid artery to treat intracranial aneurysms (balloonlike sacs formed on blood vessels) or other intracranial vascular malformations that are difficult to attach directly by reducing the blood pressure and blood flow to the aneurysm or malformation.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5200 Aneurysm clip.

(a)Identification. An aneurysm clip is a device used to occlude an intracranial aneurysm (a balloonlike sac formed on a blood vessel) to prevent it from bleeding or bursting.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5225 Implanted malleable clip.

(a)Identification. An implanted malleable clip is a bent wire or staple that is forcibly closed with a special instrument to occlude an intracranial blood vessel or aneurysm (a balloonlike sac formed on a blood vessel), stop bleeding, or hold tissue or a mechanical device in place in a patient.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5235 Aversive conditioning device.

(a)Identification. An aversive conditioning device is an instrument used to administer an electrical shock or other noxious stimulus to a patient to modify undesirable behavioral characteristics.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5250 Burr hole cover.

(a)Identification. A burr hole cover is a plastic or metal device used to cover or plug holes drilled into the skull during surgery and to reattach cranial bone removed during surgery.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5275 Nerve cuff.

(a)Identification. A nerve cuff is a tubular silicone rubber sheath used to encase a nerve for aid in repairing the nerve (e.g., to prevent ingrowth of scar tissue) and for capping the end of the nerve to prevent the formation of neuroma (tumors).

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5300 Methyl methacrylate for cranioplasty.

(a)Identification. Methyl methacrylate for cranioplasty (skull repair) is a self-curing acrylic that a surgeon uses to repair a skull defect in a patient. At the time of surgery, the surgeon initiates polymerization of the material and forms it into a plate or other appropriate shape to repair the defect.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5320 Preformed alterable cranioplasty plate.

(a)Identification. A preformed alterable cranioplasty plate is a device that is implanted into a patient to repair a skull defect. It is constructed of a material, e.g., tantalum, that can be altered or reshaped at the time of surgery without changing the chemical behavior of the material.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5330 Preformed nonalterable cranioplasty plate.

(a)Identification. A preformed nonalterable cranioplasty plate is a device that is implanted in a patient to repair a skull defect and is constructed of a material, e.g., stainless steel or vitallium, that cannot be altered or reshaped at the time of surgery without changing the chemical behavior of the material.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5360 Cranioplasty plate fastener.

(a)Identification. A cranioplasty plate fastener is a screw, wire, or other article made of tantalum, vitallium, or stainless steel used to secure a plate to the patient's skull to repair a skull defect.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5500 Lesion temperature monitor.

(a)Identification. A lesion temperature monitor is a device used to monitor the tissue temperature at the site where a lesion (tissue destruction) is to be made when a surgeon uses a radiofrequency (RF) lesion generator and probe.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5550 Central nervous system fluid shunt and components.

(a)Identification. A central nervous system fluid shunt is a device or combination of devices used to divert fluid from the brain or other part of the central nervous system to an internal delivery site or an external receptacle for the purpose of relieving elevated intracranial pressure or fluid volume (e.g., due to hydrocephalus). Components of a central nervous system shunt include catheters, valved catheters, valves, connectors, and other accessory components intended to facilitate use of the shunt or evaluation of a patient with a shunt.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5800 Cranial electrotherapy stimulator.

(a)Identification . A cranial electrotherapy stimulator is a device that applies electrical current to a patient's head to treat insomnia, depression, or anxiety.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date a PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. No effective date has been established of the requirement for premarket approval. See 882.3.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 52 FR 17740, May 11, 1987; 60 FR 43969, Aug. 24, 1995; 62 FR 30457, June 4, 1997; 73 FR 34860, June 19, 2008]

Sec. 882.5805 Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation system.

(a)Identification. A repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation system is an external device that delivers transcranial repetitive pulsed magnetic fields of sufficient magnitude to induce neural action potentials in the prefrontal cortex to treat the symptoms of major depressive disorder without inducing seizure in patients who have failed at least one antidepressant medication and are currently not on any antidepressant therapy.

(b)Classification. Class II (special controls). The special control is FDA's "Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation System." See 882.1(e) for the availability of this guidance document.

[76 FR 44491, July 26, 2011]

Sec. 882.5810 External functional neuromuscular stimulator.

(a)Identification. An external functional neuromuscular stimulator is an electrical stimulator that uses external electrodes for stimulating muscles in the leg and ankle of partially paralyzed patients (e.g., after stroke) to provide flexion of the foot and thus improve the patient's gait.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5820 Implanted cerebellar stimulator.

(a)Identification. An implanted cerebellar stimulator is a device used to stimulate electrically a patient's cerebellar cortex for the treatment of intractable epilepsy, spasticity, and some movement disorders. The stimulator consists of an implanted receiver with electrodes that are placed on the patient's cerebellum and an external transmitter for transmitting the stimulating pulses across the patient's skin to the implanted receiver.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date premarket approval application (PMA) or notice of completion of a product development protocol (PDP) is required. A PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before September 26, 1984. Any implanted cerebellar stimulator that was not in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has not on or before September 26, 1984 been found by FDA to be substantially equivalent to an implanted cerebellar stimulator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976 shall have an approved PMA or declared completed PDP in effect before beginning commercial distribution.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 49 FR 26574, June 28, 1984]

Sec. 882.5830 Implanted diaphragmatic/phrenic nerve stimulator.

(a)Identification. An implanted diaphragmatic/phrenic nerve stimulator is a device that provides electrical stimulation of a patient's phrenic nerve to contract the diaphragm rhythmically and produce breathing in patients who have hypoventilation (a state in which an abnormally low amount of air enters the lungs) caused by brain stem disease, high cervical spinal cord injury, or chronic lung disease. The stimulator consists of an implanted receiver with electrodes that are placed around the patient's phrenic nerve and an external transmitter for transmitting the stimulating pulses across the patient's skin to the implanted receiver.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date premarket approval application (PMA) or notice of completion of a product development protocol (PDP) is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before July 7, 1986 for any implanted diaphragmatic/phrenic nerve stimulator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has on or before July 7, 1986 been found to be substantially equivalent to an implanted diaphragmatic/phrenic nerve stimulator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other implanted diaphragmatic/phrenic nerve stimulator shall have an approved PMA or a declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 51 FR 12101, Apr. 8, 1986]

Sec. 882.5840 Implanted intracerebral/subcortical stimulator for pain relief.

(a)Identification. An implanted intracerebral/subcortical stimulator for pain relief is a device that applies electrical current to subsurface areas of a patient's brain to treat severe intractable pain. The stimulator consists of an implanted receiver with electrodes that are placed within a patient's brain and an external transmitter for transmitting the stimulating pulses across the patient's skin to the implanted receiver.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date premarket approval application (PMA) or notice of completion of a product development protocol (PDP) is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before March 1, 1989, for any implanted intracerebral/subcortical stimulator for pain relief that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has on or before March 1, 1989, been found to be substantially equivalent to an implanted intracerebral/subcortical stimulator for pain relief that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other implanted intracerebral/subcortical stimulator for pain relief shall have an approved PMA or a declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 53 FR 48621, Dec. 1, 1988]

Sec. 882.5850 Implanted spinal cord stimulator for bladder evacuation.

(a)Identification. An implanted spinal cord stimulator for bladder evacuation is an electrical stimulator used to empty the bladder of a paraplegic patient who has a complete transection of the spinal cord and who is unable to empty his or her bladder by reflex means or by the intermittent use of catheters. The stimulator consists of an implanted receiver with electrodes that are placed on the conus medullaris portion of the patient's spinal cord and an external transmitter for transmitting the stimulating pulses across the patient's skin to the implanted receiver.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before December 26, 1996 for any implanted spinal cord stimulator for bladder evacuation that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has, on or before December 26, 1996 been found to be substantially equivalent to an implanted spinal cord stimulator for bladder evacuation that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other implanted spinal cord stimulator for bladder evacuation shall have an approved PMA or a declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 52 FR 17740, May 11, 1987; 61 FR 50708, Sept. 27, 1996]

Sec. 882.5860 Implanted neuromuscular stimulator.

(a)Identification. An implanted neuromuscular stimulator is a device that provides electrical stimulation to a patient's peroneal or femoral nerve to cause muscles in the leg to contract, thus improving the gait in a patient with a paralyzed leg. The stimulator consists of an implanted receiver with electrodes that are placed around a patient's nerve and an external transmitter for transmitting the stimulating pulses across the patient's skin to the implanted receiver. The external transmitter is activated by a switch in the heel in the patient's shoe.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date PMA or notice of completion of PDP is required. A PMA or notice of completion of a PDP for a device described in paragraph (b) of this section is required to be filed with the Food and Drug Administration on or before July 13, 1999 for any implanted neuromuscular stimulator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976, or that has, on or before July 13, 1999, been found to be substantially equivalent to an implanted neuromuscular stimulator that was in commercial distribution before May 28, 1976. Any other implanted neuromuscular stimulator shall have an approved PMA or declared completed PDP in effect before being placed in commercial distribution.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 52 FR 17740, May 11, 1987; 64 FR 18329, Apr. 14, 1999]

Sec. 882.5870 Implanted peripheral nerve stimulator for pain relief.

(a)Identification. An implanted peripheral nerve stimulator for pain relief is a device that is used to stimulate electrically a peripheral nerve in a patient to relieve severe intractable pain. The stimulator consists of an implanted receiver with electrodes that are placed around a peripheral nerve and an external transmitter for transmitting the stimulating pulses across the patient's skin to the implanted receiver.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 78 FR 18234, Mar. 26, 2013]

Sec. 882.5880 Implanted spinal cord stimulator for pain relief.

(a)Identification. An implanted spinal cord stimulator for pain relief is a device that is used to stimulate electrically a patient's spinal cord to relieve severe intractable pain. The stimulator consists of an implanted receiver with electrodes that are placed on the patient's spinal cord and an external transmitter for transmitting the stimulating pulses across the patient's skin to the implanted receiver.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5890 Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator for pain relief.

(a)Identification. A transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator for pain relief is a device used to apply an electrical current to electrodes on a patient's skin to treat pain.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5900 Preformed craniosynostosis strip.

(a)Identification. A preformed craniosynostosis strip is a plastic strip used to cover bone edges of craniectomy sites (sites where the skull has been cut) to prevent the bone from regrowing in patients whose skull sutures are abnormally fused together.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5910 Dura substitute.

(a)Identification. A dura substitute is a sheet or material that is used to repair the dura mater (the membrane surrounding the brain).

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5940 Electroconvulsive therapy device.

(a)Identification. An electroconvulsive therapy device is a device used for treating severe psychiatric disturbances (e.g., severe depression) by inducing in the patient a major motor seizure by applying a brief intense electrical current to the patient's head.

(b)Classification. Class III (premarket approval).

(c)Date PMA or notice of completion of a PDP is required. No effective date has been established of the requirement for premarket approval. See 882.3.

[44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, as amended at 52 FR 17740, May 11, 1987]

Sec. 882.5950 Neurovascular embolization device.

(a)Identification . A neurovascular embolization device is an intravascular implant intended to permanently occlude blood flow to cerebral aneurysms and cerebral ateriovenous malformations. This does not include cyanoacrylates and other embolic agents, which act by polymerization or precipitation. Embolization devices used in other vascular applications are also not included in this classification, see 870.3300.

(b)Classification . Class II (special controls.) The special control for this device is the FDA guidance document entitled "Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Vascular and Neurovascular Embolization Devices." For availability of this guidance document, see 882.1(e).

[69 FR 77900, Dec. 29, 2004]

Sec. 882.5960 Skull tongs for traction.

(a)Identification. Skull tongs for traction is an instrument used to immobilize a patient with a cervical spine injury (e.g., fracture or dislocation). The device is caliper shaped with tips that penetrate the skin. It is anchored to the skull and has a heavy weight attached to it that maintains, by traction, the patient's position.

(b)Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 882.5970 Cranial orthosis.

(a)Identification. A cranial orthosis is a device that is intended for medical purposes to apply pressure to prominent regions of an infant's cranium in order to improve cranial symmetry and/or shape in infants from 3 to 18 months of age, with moderate to severe nonsynostotic positional plagiocephaly, including infants with plagiocephalic-, brachycephalic-, and scaphocephalic-shaped heads.

(b)Classification. Class II (special controls) (prescription use in accordance with 801.109 of this chapter, biocompatibility testing, and labeling (contraindications, warnings, precautions, adverse events, instructions for physicians and parents)).

[63 FR 40651, July 30, 1998]

Sec. 882.5975 Human dura mater.

(a)Identification. Human dura mater is human pachymeninx tissue intended to repair defects in human dura mater.

(b)Classification. Class II (special controls). The special control for this device is the FDA guidance document entitled "Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Human Dura Mater." See 882.1(e) for the availability of this guidance.

(c)Scope. The classification set forth in this section is only applicable to human dura mater recovered prior to May 25, 2005.

[68 FR 70436, Dec. 18, 2003, as amended at 76 FR 36993, June 24, 2011]

Authority: 21 U.S.C. 351, 360, 360c, 360e, 360j, 371.
Source: 44 FR 51730, Sept. 4, 1979, unless otherwise noted.

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