The food additive 1,3- butylene glycol (CAS Reg. No. 107-88-0) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions:
(a) It is prepared by the aldol condensation of acetaldehyde followed by catalytic hydrogenation.
(b) The food additive shall conform to the identity and specifications of the Food Chemicals Codex, 7th ed. (2010), p. 126, which is incorporated by reference. The Director of the Office of the Federal Register approves this incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may obtain copies from the United States Pharmacopeial Convention, 12601 Twinbrook Pkwy., Rockville, MD 20852 (Internet address http://www.usp.org ). Copies may be examined at the Food and Drug Administration's Main Library, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 2, Third Floor, Silver Spring, MD 20993, 301-796-2039, or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030 or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
(c) It is used in the manufacture of sausage casings as a formulation aid as defined in 170.3(o)(14) of this chapter and as a processing aid as defined in 170.3(o)(24) of this chapter.
[62 FR 26228, May 13, 1997, as amended at 78 FR 14664, Mar. 7, 2013; 78 FR 71463, Nov. 29, 2013]