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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 3]
[Revised as of April 1, 2014]
[CITE: 21CFR184.1724]



TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B--FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)

PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE

Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS

Sec. 184.1724 Sodium alginate.

(a) Sodium alginate (CAS Reg. No. 9005-38-3) is the sodium salt of alginic acid, a natural polyuronide constituent of certain brown algae. Sodium alginate is prepared by the neutralization of purified alginic acid with appropriate pH control agents.

(b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the Food Chemicals Codex, 3d Ed. (1981), p. 274, which is incorporated by reference. Copies are available from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20418, or available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html.

(c) In accordance with 184.1(b)(2), the ingredient is used in food only within the following specific limitations:

Category of foodMaximum level of use in food (as served) (percent)Functional use
Condiments and relishes, 170.3(n)(8) of this chapter, except pimento ribbon for stuffed olives1.0Texturizer, 170.3(o)(32) of this chapter, formulation aid 170.3(o)(14) of this chapter, stabilizer, thickener, 170.3(o)(28) of this chapter.
Pimento ribbon for stuffed olives6.0 Do.
Confections and frostings, 170.3(n)(9) of this chapter0.3Stabilizer, thickener, 170.3(o)(28) of this chapter.
Gelatins and puddings, 170.3(n)(22) of this chapter4.0Firming agent, 170.3(o)(10) of this chapter; flavor adjuvant, 170.3(o)(12) of this chapter; stabilizer, thickener, 170.3(o)(28) of this chapter.
Hard candy, 170.3(n)(25) of this chapter10.0Stabilizer, thickener, 170.3(o)(28) of this chapter.
Processed fruits and fruit juices, 170.3(n)(35) of this chapter2.0Formulation aid, 170.3(o)(14) of this chapter; texturizer, 170.3(o)(32) of this chapter.
All other food categories1.0Emulsifier, 170.3(o)(8) of this chapter; firming agent, 170.3(o)(10) of this chapter; flavor enhancer, 170.3(o)(11) of this chapter; flavor adjuvant, 170.3(o)(12) of this chapter; processing aid, 170.3(o)(24) of this chapter; stabilizer and thickener, 170.3(o)(28) of this chapter; surface active agent, 170.3(o)(29) of this chapter.

(d) Prior sanctions for sodium alginate different from the uses established in this section do not exist or have been waived.

[47 FR 29951, July 9, 1982, as amended at 48 FR 52448, Nov. 18, 1983]

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