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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Database of Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Reviews

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Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate

 
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Report No.:  115
 
Type of Conclusion:  3
 
ID Code:  53124-00-8
 
Year:  1979
 
CFR Section:  There is no CFR citation.
 
SCOGS Opinion: 

The digestibility of unmodified cereal and tapioca starches used commercially as food ingredients, both raw and after cooking, is almost complete. Potato and arrowroot starches are less completely digested when fed raw but their digestibility is similar to that of the cereal starches after cooking. Pregelatinized starches (dried, cooked starches) generally are highly digestible. Consumption of excessive quantities, pounds per day, of raw starch has resulted in obesity and iron-deficiency anemia in human subjects. Most of the foods to which starch is added by the food industry are cooked in processing or are cooked before serving. Moreover, the total quantity of unmodified and pregelatinized starch added to processed foods is insignificant compared to the natural starch content of the American diet, some of which is eaten in its native form in raw vegetables. No adverse effects have been attributed to these starches as added food ingredients. It is suggested, however, that specifications for food grade unmodified starches be developed in order to distinguish them from the starches that are used in non-food applications. In light of the foregoing, the Select Committee concludes that: There is no evidence in the available information on unmodified or pregelatinized corn, high amylose corn, waxy maize, wheat, milo (also called grain sorghum starch), rice, potato, tapioca or arrowroot starch that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in the future.

There is no evidence in the available information on unmodified or pregelatinized corn, high amylose corn, waxy maize, wheat, milo, rice, potato, tapioca or arrowroot starch that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are substances migrating to food from paper and paperboard packaging.

There is no evidence in the available information on unmodified or pregelatinized corn, high amylose corn, waxy maize, wheat, milo, rice, potato, tapioca, or arrowroot starch that demonstrates or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect a hazard to the public when they are substances migrating to food from cotton and cotton fabrics used in dry food packaging.

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