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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Database of Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Reviews

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Indian Dill Seed

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Report No.:  22
Type of Conclusion:  1
ID Code:  8006-75-5
Year:  1973
CFR Section:  184.1282
SCOGS Opinion:  The Select Committee estimates that daily consumption of dill probably does not exceed the equivalent of 1 mg of dill oil per capita, or about 0.017 mg per kg per day in adults and about twice that level in children. The oil's most plentiful constituent, carvone, present to the extent of about 60 percent of the oil, elicits toxic responses only at levels much greater than those that might be present in the diet. Other constituents, present in some oils in lesser to trace amounts, such as apiole, dillapiole, and myristicin have not been shown to produce toxic effects on feeding at levels many times those that could exist in man's diet. The Select Committee has weighed the foregoing and concludes that: There is no evidence in the available information on dill and dill oils that demonstrates, or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect, a hazard to the public when they are used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in future.