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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Database of Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Reviews

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Caprylic Acid

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Report No.:  29
Type of Conclusion:  1
ID Code:  124-07-2
Year:  1974
CFR Section:  184.1025
SCOGS Opinion:  Caprylic acid, a naturally occuring constituent of many foods, is absorbed and metabolized by man. Triblycerides containing this fatty acid are hydrolyzed in the intestinal mucosa and the liberated fatty acids are transported in the portal ciculation and are almost completely oxidzed in the liver. Significant oxidation also appears to occur in the intestinal mucosa. Little caprylic acid is stored, and long-term feeding at high levels results in decreased overall fat storage that is indicative of nutritional utilization. thus caprylic acid is a fatty acid nutritionally utilizable by man and animals. Based upon consideration of the data presented in this report the Select Committee concludes that: There is no evidence in the available information on caprylic acid that demonstrates, or suggests reasonable grounds to suspect, a hazard to the public when it is used at levels that are now current or that might reasonably be expected in future.