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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Database of Select Committee on GRAS Substances (SCOGS) Reviews

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The information contained in this database is intended as a quick reference for retrieving the SCOGS opinion, and CFR citations on LSRO reviewed substances. It is advised that the reviewer refer to the hardcopy SCOGS report in order to make the most appropriate evaluation of the substance in question and to learn further details about potential toxicology and safety issues discussed in the LSRO review. Although reasonable effort was made to ensure that the SCOGS opinion published in this database reflects what is written in the SCOGS report, the information may not be precisely the same due to inadvertent human error. Additional information regarding the contents of this database, the History of GRAS and SCOGS reviews is available on the SCOGS main page.

Records shown on this page: This page is a partial listing of all records in the SCOGS database. Additional pages/records are available for selection at the bottom of the page. To obtain all the SCOGS Opinions for the food substance, select the substance name to reveal the additional information. To search for a specific food ingredient, enter the term in the Filter box and select Show Items to display only those records that contain the selected term.




     No of Records Found:  373
Substance Report No. Conclusion CFR Section
Acetic acid 82 1 184.1005
Acetylated Distarch Adipate 115 2 There is no CFR citation.
Acetylated Distarch Glycerol 115 4 There is no CFR citation.
Acetylated Distarch Phosphate 115 2 There is no CFR citation.
Acetylated Distarchoxy Propanol 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Acid Modified Starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Acid hydrolyzed proteins 37b 1 There is no CFR citation.
Aconitic Acid 41 1 184.1007
Adipic acid 80 1 184.1009
Agar-agar 23 2 184.1115
Aluminum ammonium sulfate 43 1 182.1127
Aluminum calcium silicate 61 1 182.2122
Aluminum hydroxide 43 1 184.1139
Aluminum oleate (packaging) 43 1 There is no CFR citation.
Aluminum palmitate (packaging) 43 1 There is no CFR citation.
Aluminum potassium sulfate 43 1 182.1129
Aluminum sodium sulfate 43 1 182.1131
Aluminum sulfate 43 1 182.1125
Ammoniated Glycyrrhizin 28 2 184.1408
Ammonium alginate 24 2 184.1133
Ammonium bicarbonate 34 1 There is no CFR citation.
Ammonium carbonate 34 1 184.1137
Ammonium chloride 34 1 184.1138
Ammonium citrate 84 1 184.1140
Ammonium hydroxide 34 1 184.1139
Ammonium phosphate dibasic 34 1 184.1141
Ammonium phosphate dibasic 32 1 184.1141
Ammonium phosphate monobasic 34 1 184.1141a
Ammonium sulfate 34 1 184.1143
Arrowroot Starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Ascorbyl palmitate (palmitoyl L-ascorbic) 59 1 182.3149
Beeswax (yellow or white) 46a 1 184.1973
Bentonite 90 1 184.1155
Benzoic Acid 7 1 184.1021
Biotin 92 1 182.8159
Bleached Starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Brown algae 38 1 184.1120
Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) 55 3 182.3169
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) 2 3 172.115
Caffeine 89 3,4 182.1180
Calcium L-ascorbate 59 1 182.3189
Calcium Lactate 116 1 184.1207
Calcium acetate 45 1 184.1185
Calcium alginate 24 2 184.1187
Calcium carbonate 26 1 184.1191
Calcium caseinate 96 1 There is no CFR citation.
Calcium chloride 45 1 184.1193
Calcium citrate 84 1 184.1195
Calcium gluconate 45 1 184.1199
Calcium glycerophosphate (packaging) 74 1 There is no CFR citation.
Calcium hexametaphosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Calcium hydroxide 72 1 184.1205
Calcium hypophosphite 73 1 There is no CFR citation.
Calcium iodate 39 1 184.1206
Calcium oxide 72 1 184.1210
Calcium phosphate dibasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Calcium phosphate monobasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Calcium phosphate tribasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Calcium phytate 45 1 582.6219
Calcium propionate 79 1 184.1221
Calcium pyrophosphate 32 1 182.8223
Calcium silicate 61 1 182.2227
Calcium sorbate 57 1 182.3225
Calcium stearate 54 1 181.129, 184.1229
Caprylic Acid 29 1 184.1025
Caramel 20 1 182.1235
Carbon dioxide 117 1 184.1240
Carbonyl Iron 35 2 184.1375
Carbonyl Iron (packaging) 35 2 184.1375
Carboxymethyl cellulose 25 2 There is no CFR citation.
Carnauba wax 47 5 184.1978
Carob Bean Gum 3 2 184.1343
Carotene (beta - carotene) 111 1 184.1245
Carrageenan 6 3 172.620
Casein 96 1 There is no CFR citation.
Cellulose acetate 25 2 182.90
Cholic acid 44 1 There is no CFR citation.
Choline Bitartrate 42 1 182.8250
Choline Chloride 42 1 182.8252
Citric acid 84 1 184.1033
Clay (kaolin) (packaging) 90 1 186.1256
Clove Bud Extract 19 1 184.1257
Clove Bud Oil 19 1 184.1257
Clove Bud Oleoresin 19 1 184.1257
Clove Leaf Oil 19 1 184.1257
Clove Stem Oil 19 1 184.1257
Coconut oil (packaging) 65 1 There is no CFR citation.
Copper (cupric) gluconate 98 1 184.1260
Copper (cupric) sulfate 98 1 184.1261
Corn Sugar (Dextrose) 50 2 184.1857
Corn Syrup 50 2 184.1865
Corn dextrins (packaging) 75 1 There is no CFR citation.
Corn silk 87 5 184.1262
Cornstarch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Cuprous iodide 98 1 184.1265
D(-)-lactic acid 116 1,4 There is no CFR citation.
D- or DL calcium pantothenate 93 1 184.1212
D-pantothenyl alcohol 93 1 582.5580
D-sodium-pantothenate 93 1 There is no CFR citation.
DL-sodium-pantothenate 93 1 There is no CFR citation.
Desoxycholic acid 44 1 There is no CFR citation.
Dextran 83 2 186.1275
Dextrins 75 1 184.1277
Diacetyl 94 1 184.1278
Diatomaceous earth (filter aid) 61 1 There is no CFR citation.
Dibasic magnesium phosphate 60 1 184.1434
Dietary Iron PB-218 836 There is no conclusion type. There is no CFR citation.
Dilauryl thiodipropionate 79 2 182.3280
Distarch Glycerol 115 4 There is no CFR citation.
Distarch Oxypropanol 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Distarch Propanol 115 2 There is no CFR citation.
Electrolytic Iron 35 2 184.1375
Electrolytic Iron (packaging) 35 2 There is no CFR citation.
Enzymatically hydrolyzed casein 37b 1 There is no CFR citation.
Enzymatically hydrolyzed protein 37b 1 There is no CFR citation.
Erythorbic acid (D-isoascorbic acid) 59 1 182.3041
Ethyl cellulose 25 2 182.90
Ethyl formate 71 1 184.1295
Ferric ammonium citrate 35 3 184.1296
Ferric chloride 35 1 184.1297
Ferric citrate 35 2 184.1307c
Ferric oxide 35 5 186.1300
Ferric oxide (packaging) 35 1 186.1300
Ferric phosphate 35 2 184.1301
Ferric pyrophosphate 35 2 184.1304
Ferric sodium pyrophosphate 35 5 There is no CFR citation.
Ferric sulfate 35 1 184.1307
Ferrous ascorbate 35 2 184.1307a
Ferrous carbonate 35 2 184.1307b
Ferrous citrate 35 2 184.1307c
Ferrous fumarate 35 2 184.1307d
Ferrous gluconate 35 2 184.1308
Ferrous lactate 35 2 184.1311
Ferrous sulfate 35 2 184.1315
Ferrous sulfate (packaging) 35 1 There is no CFR citation.
Fish oil, hydrogenated (packaging) 66 1 186.1551
Formic acid (packaging) 71 1 186.1316
Garlic and Oil of Garlic 17 1 184.1317
Gelatin 58 1 There is no CFR citation.
Glycerin and Glycerides 30 1 There is no CFR citation.
Glycocholic acid 44 1 There is no CFR citation.
Glycyrrhiza 28 2 184.1408
Guar Gum 13 2 184.1339
Gum Arabic 1 2 184.1330
Gum Ghatti 12 2 184.1333
Gum Tragacanth 4 2 184.1351
Gum guaiac 64 1 There is no CFR citation.
Helium gas 112 1 184.1355
High Amylose Cornstarch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Hydrochloric acid 99 1 182.1057
Hydrogen peroxide 113 2 184.1366
Hydrogenated soybean oil 70 1 There is no CFR citation.
Hydrogenated tallow (packaging) 54 1 182.70
Hydroxypropyl Distarch Glycerol 115 4 There is no CFR citation.
Hydroxypropyl Distarch Phosphate 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Hydroxypropyl Starch 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Hydroxypropyl Starch, oxidized 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose 25 2 There is no CFR citation.
Indian Dill Seed 22 1 184.1282
Inositol 51 1 184.1370
Invert Sugar 50 2 184.1859
Iron - Report on Bioavailability and Utilization of Iron PB 224 122/AS There is no conclusion type. There is no CFR citation.
Iron - Report on Clinical Research Protocols to Elucidate The Possible Hazards of Increased Iron Enrichment of Cereal Products none assigned by NTIS There is no conclusion type. There is no CFR citation.
Iron caprylate (packaging) 35 1 There is no CFR citation.
Iron linoleate (packaging) 35 1 There is no CFR citation.
Iron naphthenate 35 5 There is no CFR citation.
Iron oxides (packaging) 35 1 There is no CFR citation.
Iron peptonate 35 5 There is no CFR citation.
Iron polyvinylpyrrolidone 35 5 There is no CFR citation.
Iron tallate 35 1 There is no CFR citation.
Iron, elemental (packaging) 35 1 184.1375
Isopropyl citrate 84 1 184.1386
Japan wax (packaging) 46b 5 186.1555
L(+) potassium acid tartrate 107 1 184.1077
L(+) sodium tartrate 107 1 184.1801
L(+) tartaric acid 107 1 184.1099
L(+)-calcium lactate 116 1 184.1207
L(+)-lactic acid 116 1 184.1061
L-Glutamic acid 37a 2 182.1045
L-Glutamic acid hydrochloride 37a 2 182.1047
L-ascorbic acid 59 1 182.3013, 182.8013
L-malic acid 56 1 184.1069
Lactic acid 116 1,4 There is no CFR citation.
Lard (packaging) 91 1 182.70
Lard oil (packaging) 91 1 182.70
Lecithin 106 1 184.1400
Lecithin, hydrogen peroxide bleached 106 1 184.1400
Licorice, Glycyrrhiza, and Ammoniated Glycyrrhizin 28 2 184.1408
Linoleic acid 65 1 184.1065
Magnesium carbonate 60 1 184.1425
Magnesium chloride 60 1 184.1426
Magnesium gluconate 78 1 There is no CFR citation.
Magnesium hydroxide 60 1 184.1428
Magnesium oxide 60 1 184.1431
Magnesium silicate 61 1 182.2437
Magnesium stearate 60 1 184.1440
Magnesium sulfate 60 1 184.1443
Manganese glycerophosphate 74 1 There is no CFR citation.
Manganese glycerophosphate (packaging) 74 1 There is no CFR citation.
Manganous chloride 67 5 There is no CFR citation.
Manganous citrate 67 5 184.1449
Manganous gluconate 67 5 There is no CFR citation.
Manganous hypophosphite 73 1 184.1434
Manganous oxide 67 5 There is no CFR citation.
Manganous sulfate 67 5 There is no CFR citation.
Mannitol 10 1 180.25
Methyl Paraben 8 1 184.1490
Methylcellulose 25 2 182.1480
Milo Starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Monoammonium L-glutamate 37a 2 182.1500
Monomeric ethyl acrylate (packaging) 88 1 There is no CFR citation.
Monomeric methyl acrylate (packaging) 88 1 There is no CFR citation.
Monopotassium L-glutamate 37a 2 182.1516
Monosodium L-glutamate 37a 2 182.1
Monostarch Phosphate 115 2 There is no CFR citation.
Mustard and Oil of Mustard (Brown and Yellow) 16 1 182.10
Niacin (nicotinic acid) 108 1 184.1530
Niacinamide (nicotinamide) 108 1 184.1535
Nickel (elemental) 97 1 184.1537
Nutmeg and Mace 18 3 182.10
Oil of Rue 14 2 184.1699
Oleic acid (packaging) 65 1 There is no CFR citation.
Ox bile extract 44 1 184.1560
Papain 77 1 184.1585
Peanut oil (packaging) 65 1 There is no CFR citation.
Pectin, amidated 81 1 184.1588
Pectin, high ester 81 1 184.1588
Pectin, low acid 81 1 184.1588
Pectinates 81 1 184.1588
Pectinic acid 81 1 184.1588
Perlite (filter aid) 61 1 There is no CFR citation.
Phosphoric acid 32 1 182.1073
Polymeric ethyl acrylate (packaging) 88 1 There is no CFR citation.
Polymeric methyl acrylate (packaging) 88 1 181.30
Potassium alginate 24 2 184.1610
Potassium bicarbonate 26 1 184.1613
Potassium chloride 102 1 184.1622
Potassium citrate 84 1 184.1625
Potassium gluconate 78 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium glycerophosphate 74 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium hydroxide 85 1 184.1631
Potassium hypophosphite 73 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium iodate 39 1 184.1635
Potassium iodide 39 1 184.1634
Potassium metabisulfite 15 2 182.3637
Potassium phosphate dibasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium phosphate monobasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium phosphate tribasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium polymetaphosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium pyrophosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium silicate 61 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potassium sorbate 57 1 182.3640
Potassium tripolyphosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Potato starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Pregelatinized starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Propionic acid 79 1 184.1081
Propyl Gallate 11 1 184.1660
Propyl Paraben 8 1 184.1670
Propylene Glycol 27 1 184.1666
Propylene glycol alginate 24 2 There is no CFR citation.
Propylene glycol monostearate 27 1 There is no CFR citation.
Pulps (packaging) 40 1 184.1673
Pyridoxine 100 1 There is no CFR citation.
Pyridoxine hydrochloride 100 1 184.1676
Red algae 38 1 184.1121
Reduced Iron 35 2 184.1375
Reduced Iron (packaging) 35 2 There is no CFR citation.
Rennet 76 1 184.1685
Riboflavin 114 1 184.1695
Riboflavin-5'-phosphate 114 1 184.1697
Rice Starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Silica aerogel 61 1 182.1711
Silicon dioxides 61 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium Benzoate 7 1 184.1733
Sodium Carboxymethyl cellulose 25 2 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium Chloride 102 1 (dry food packaging), 4 (direct additive) 182.70
Sodium Hydroxide Gelatinized Starch 115 5 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium L-ascorbate 59 1 182.3731
Sodium acetate 82 1 184.1721
Sodium acid pyrophosphate 32 1 182.1087
Sodium alginate 24 2 184.1724
Sodium aluminate (packaging) 43 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium aluminosilicate 61 1 182.2727
Sodium aluminum phosphate, acidic 43 1 182.1781
Sodium aluminum phosphate, basic 43 1 182.1781
Sodium bicarbonate 26 1 184.1736
Sodium bisulfite 15 2 182.3739
Sodium calcium aluminosilicate 61 1 182.2729
Sodium carbonate 26 1 184.1742
Sodium caseinate 96 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium citrate 84 1 184.1751
Sodium diacetate 82 1 184.1754
Sodium erythorbate (sodium D-isoascorbate) 59 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium ferric EDTA 35 5 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium ferricitropyrophosphate 35 5 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium formate (packaging) 71 1 186.1756
Sodium gluconate 78 1 182.6757
Sodium hexametaphosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium hydrosulfite (packaging) 63 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium hydroxide 85 1 184.1763
Sodium hypophosphite 73 1 184.1764
Sodium metabisulfite 15 2 182.3766
Sodium metaphosphate 32 1 182.6769
Sodium oleate (packaging) 86 1 186.1770
Sodium palmitate (packaging) 86 1 186.1771
Sodium phosphate dibasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium phosphate monobasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium phosphate tribasic 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium phosphoaluminate (packaging) 43 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium propionate 79 1 184.1784
Sodium pyrophosphate 32 1 182.6760
Sodium sesquicarbonate 26 1 184.1792
Sodium silicate 61 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium sorbate 57 1 182.3795
Sodium sulfite 15 2 182.3798
Sodium tetrametaphosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium tetraphosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium thiosulfate 52 1 184.1807
Sodium trimetaphosphate 32 1 There is no CFR citation.
Sodium tripolyphosphate 32 1 182.1810 and 182.1610
Sorbic acid 57 1 182.3089
Sorbitol 9 1 184.1835
Sorbose (packaging) 49 1 186.1839
Soy protein isolate 101 1 There is no CFR citation.
Soy sauces 37b 1 There is no CFR citation.
Stannous Chloride 31 1 184.1845
Starch Acetate 115 2 There is no CFR citation.
Starch Aluminum Octenyl Succinate 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Starch Sodium Hypochlorite oxidized 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Starch Sodium Succinate 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Starch, Sodium Octenyl 115 3 There is no CFR citation.
Starter distillate 94 1 184.1848
Stearic acid (packaging) 54 1 184.1090
Stearyl citrate 84 1 184.1851
Sterculia Gum (karaya gum) 5 2 184.1339
Succinic acid 53 1 184.1091
Succinyl Distarch Glycerol 115 4 There is no CFR citation.
Sucrose 69 2 184.1854
Sulfamic acid (packaging) 62 1 186.1093
Sulfur dioxide 15 2 182.3862
Sulfuric Acid 33 1 184.1095
Talc (basic magnesium silicate) 61 1 There is no CFR citation.
Tall oil (packaging) 68 1 186.1557
Tallow (packaging) 54 1 186.1555
Tannic acid (hydrolyzable gallotannins) 48 2 184.1097
Tapioca Starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Taurocholic acid 44 1 There is no CFR citation.
Thiamine hydrochloride 109 1 184.1875
Thiamine mononitrate 109 1 184.1878
Thiodipropionic acid 79 2 182.3109
Tribasic magnesium phosphate 60 1 184.1434
Tricalcium silicate 61 1 182.2906
Triethyl citrate 84 1 184.1911
Urea 103 1 184.1923
Vitamin A 118 2 184.1930
Vitamin A acetate 118 2 184.1930
Vitamin A palmitate 118 2 184.1930
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) 104 1 184.1945
Vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) 95 2 184.1950
Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) 95 2 184.1950
Waxy Maize Starch 115 1 There is no CFR citation.
Wheat Starch 115 1 182.70
Yeast autolyzates 37b 1 There is no CFR citation.
Zinc acetate 21 2 There is no CFR citation.
Zinc carbonate 21 2 There is no CFR citation.
Zinc chloride 21 2 182.8985
Zinc gluconate 78 1 182.8988
Zinc hydrosulfite (packaging) 63 1 There is no CFR citation.
Zinc oxide 21 2 182.8991
Zinc sulfate 21 2 182.8997
alpha-Tocopherol acetate 36 1 182.8892
alpha-Tocopherols 36 1 184.1890
malic acid 56 1 184.1069

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