The Seafood List
Updated February 2015
The Seafood List is FDA's Guide to Acceptable Market Names for Seafood sold in Interstate Commerce. It is available as a searchable database. The Main search page will display the Type, the Acceptable Market Name, the Common Name, and the Scientific Name. A hyperlink from the Scientific Name will open a Detail Page with additional information for that species. See the list below for more details.
The Acceptable Market Name (and some common names that are not prohibited by regulation or law) may be used to label seafood products in interstate commerce. When there is no Acceptable Market Name in The Seafood List, or to determine if a different particular name is an Acceptable Market Name for use in interstate commerce, consult the Principles in Section VI of the Seafood List Guidance.
For questions regarding The Seafood List, please contact the Division of Seafood Safety at 240-402-2300 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. You may submit either electronic or written comments on The Seafood List at any time. To ensure that the Agency considers your comment on The Seafood List, submit electronic comments to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number FDA-1994-D-0221 (formerly 94D-0265).
The Seafood List is updated every six months, as resources permit, and summaries of those updates are posted on the Seafood List Guidance page. These updates include new additions to The Seafood List, any modifications to the scientific name (once the updated scientific nomenclature is agreed upon by the scientific community), and removal of any species that are endangered and not allowed to be sold in interstate commerce (U.S endangered species list): http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/index.htm.
The Seafood List contains the following information:
- Type: V indicates Vertebrate, I indicates Invertebrate, and I(C) indicates Invertebrate (Crustacean)
- Acceptable Market Name (or Names)
- Common Name (usually an English language name established by ichthyologists and other fishery experts)
- An asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name(s) in the Seafood List indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name in The Seafood List identifies names that are prohibited by a law. Information on the specific rule, regulation, or law is displayed in the detailed information section (see below)
- Scientific Names (Latin binaries)
A basic search on a name is the default search mode and is usually sufficient; however there is also an advanced search function when needed.
The Seafood List is sorted by default alphabetically (A to Z) on the Scientific Name column. Clicking on a different column heading in the Seafood List will sort the display alphabetically (A to Z) on the selected column; clicking on that heading a second time will sort the display in reverse order (Z to A).
Detailed information for a specific species is available by clicking on the Scientific Name hyperlink. A detail page will appear with the following information, if available.
- Scientific Name (Latin binary)
- Acceptable Market Name: an asterisk (*) next to the Acceptable Market Name indicates that a specific rule or regulation applies to that species. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable rule or regulation
- Common Name: A dagger symbol (†) next to the Common Name identifies names that are prohibited by a law. A hyperlink provides access to the applicable law
- The DNA hyperlink provides access to DNA sequence data (barcodes) available for all holdings with that Scientific name in the DNA Sequence Library. Clicking each of the hyperlinks on the results page opens a detail page for that specimen with the barcode and other data.
- The RFE hyperlink provides access to Regulatory Fish Encyclopedia (RFE) images and data for that species
- The TSN hyperlink (Taxonomic Serial Number) provides access to taxonomic information from the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
- The HAZ hyperlink provides access to Chapter 3: Potential Species Related and Processed Related Food Safety Hazards [PDF, 2.5 Mb] in the Fish and Fishery Products Hazards and Controls Guidance (FFPHCG). Some of the species in The Seafood List do not have an active HAZ hyperlink. This does not mean that no hazard exists for this species. It is the responsibility of the processor to review the information in the FFPHCG to determine if a potential species or process related hazard exists for a particular species
- Vernacular (regional) names are displayed on the detail pages and are included ONLY for cross-reference. This listing is not complete and does not account for many names used around the world
- The Seafood List data for Market Name, Common Name, and Scientific Name may be downloaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.csv format; see below)
Note: The basic data in the Seafood List is available to download. This includes Type, Common Name, FDA Market Name(s), and Scientific Name. The Seafood List data is updated twice a year, and the available download data will reflect those changes. A (*) symbol next to the Market Name indicates that a regulation pertains to that species; a (†) symbol next to a Common Name indicates that a law pertains to that species. See the introduction above or the Seafood List Guidance for additional information.
|Type||Acceptable Market Name(s)||Common Name||Scientific Name|
|V||Triggerfish||Starry Triggerfish||Abalistes stellatus|
|V||Sea Bass||Argentine Sea Bass||Acanthistius brasilianus|
|I||Cockle||Spiny Cockle||Acanthocardia aculeata|
|I||Cockle||Knotted Cockle||Acanthocardia tuberculata|
|V||Seabream or Porgie||River Bream||Acanthopagrus berda|
|V||Cowfish||Honeycomb Cowfish||Acanthostracion polygonius|
|V||Cowfish||Scrawled Cowfish||Acanthostracion quadricornis|
|V||Tang or Surgeonfish||Doctorfish||Acanthurus chirurgus|
|V||Tang or Surgeonfish||Blue Tang||Acanthurus coeruleus|
|V||Tang or Surgeonfish||Elongate Surgeonfish||Acanthurus mata|
|V||Tang or Surgeonfish||Yellowfin Surgeonfish||Acanthurus xanthopterus|
|I||Snail or Escargot||Giant African Snail||Achatina fulica|
|V||Sturgeon||Siberian Sturgeon||Acipenser baerii|
|V||Sturgeon||Yangtze Sturgeon||Acipenser dabryanus|
|V||Sturgeon||Lake Sturgeon||Acipenser fulvescens|
|V||Sturgeon||Russian Sturgeon||Acipenser gueldenstaedtii|
|V||Sturgeon||Green Sturgeon||Acipenser medirostris|
|V||Sturgeon||Japanese Sturgeon||Acipenser multiscutatus|
|V||Sturgeon||Thorn Sturgeon||Acipenser nudiventris|
|V||Sturgeon||Atlantic Sturgeon||Acipenser oxyrinchus|
|V||Sturgeon||Amur Sturgeon||Acipenser schrenckii|
|V||Sturgeon||Stellate Sturgeon||Acipenser stellatus|
|V||Sturgeon||White Sturgeon||Acipenser transmontanus|
|I||Scallop||Red-ribbed Scallop||Aequipecten glyptus|
|V||Grouper||Redmouth Grouper||Aethaloperca rogaa|
|V||Ray, Eagle||Spotted Eagle Ray||Aetobatus narinari|
|V||Mullet||Mountain Mullet||Agonostomus monticola|
|V||Gangetic Ailia||Gangetic Ailia||Ailia coila|
|V||Kajuli||Jamuna Ailia||Ailichthys punctatus|
|V||Grenadier||Giant Rattail||Albatrossia pectoralis|
|V||Mullet||Yelloweye Mullet||Aldrichetta forsteri|
|V||Pompano||African Pompano||Alectis ciliaris|
|V||Jack or Crevalle||Threadfin Jack||Alectis indicus|
|V||Alligator||American Alligator||Alligator mississippiensis|
|V||Alligator||Chinese Alligator||Alligator sinensis|
|V||Oreo Dory or Deep Sea Dory||Black Oreo Dory||Allocyttus niger|
|V||Smelt||Whitebait Smelt||Allosmerus elongatus|
|V||Tuna (*)||Slender Tuna||Allothunnus fallai|
|V||Shark, Thresher||Pelagic Thresher Shark||Alopias pelagicus|
|V||Shark, Thresher||Bigeye Thresher Shark||Alopias superciliosus|
|V||Shark, Thresher||Common Thresher Shark||Alopias vulpinus|
|V||Herring or River Herring||Blueback Herring||Alosa aestivalis|
|V||Shad||Twaite Shad||Alosa agone|
|V||Shad||Alabama Shad||Alosa alabamae|
|V||Shad||Allis Shad||Alosa alosa|
|V||Herring or River Herring||Skipjack Herring||Alosa chrysochloris|
|Type||Acceptable Market Name(s)||Common Name||Scientific Name|