Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database

Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database logo

The Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database (FDMSD) is a tool designed to assist owners, operators or agents in charge of companies that produce, process, store, package, distribute, and/or transport food with identifying preventive measures to protect the food against intentional adulteration. The FDMSD provides a range of mitigation strategies for individuals to consider implementing at points, steps or procedures to minimize the vulnerability to an intentional attack.


Browse by Category:

Choose a Point, Step, or Procedure:

The workflow procedes down the screen

    Select a Category to begin

Review Strategy List:

The workflow procedes down the screen

It is the responsibility of the owner, operator or agent in charge to choose the strategy or combination of strategies that are most effective and appropriate for their facility. Some strategies listed within the database are meant to be implemented in conjunction with other strategies or in tandem with other food defense policies and procedures. Choosing and following strategies within this database does not constitute compliance with any FDA laws, regulations, or guidance. For information about food defense measures or policies that are recommended for an effective food defense environment please see the category titled General Information.

    Choose a Point, Step, or Procedure to begin


    How to use this tool

    Data can be accessed using two different methods.

    1. LOOKUP TOOL: Mitigation strategies can be found by searching for specific points, steps or procedures commonly used within commercial food production and distribution. First, select a category from the provided list. If applicable, select a subcategory from the drop down list. Once the category or subcategory is selected, a list of points, steps or procedures will be provided to choose from. Click on a point, step or procedure and the associated strategies will appear in a new tab below the Strategy List disclaimer. Multiple points, steps or procedures can be chosen for comparison viewing; each one will appear on its own tab. Click the tabs to switch from one strategy list to another. Click the “x” button to close a strategy tab. If there are too many tabs to fit on the screen, left and right arrows will appear. Hold the mouse over an arrow to scroll the tabs until the desired tab comes into view, then click the tab.
    2. KEYWORD SEARCH ENGINE TOOL: Mitigation strategies can be searched by a specific term or keyword. Similar to any search engine on the Web, type in the desired keyword and select GO; a list of applicable points, steps or procedures will be returned. Click on a point, step or procedure to view the potential mitigation strategies applicable to that point, step or procedure.

    Disclaimer for Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database

    FDA has taken all reasonable precautions in creating the Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database (version 1.0). However, FDA is not responsible for errors, omissions or deficiencies regarding the tool and the accompanying documentation. The Food Defense Mitigation Strategies Database is being made available “as is” and without warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, warranties of performance, merchantability, and fitness for a particular purpose. FDA and its contractors are not making a commitment in any way to regularly update the database.

    It is the responsibility of the owner, operator or agent in charge to choose the strategy or combination of strategies that are most effective and appropriate for their facility. Some strategies listed within the database are meant to be implemented in conjunction with other strategies or in tandem with other food defense policies and procedures. Choosing and following strategies within this database does not constitute compliance with any FDA laws, regulations, or guidance.

    Further, in no event shall FDA be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages resulting from the use, misuse, or inability to use the database.

    Third parties' use of or acknowledgment of the database does not in any way represent that FDA endorses such third parties or expresses any opinion with respect to their statements.

    Note: If you need help accessing information in different file formats, see Instructions for Downloading Viewers and Players.