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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FDA Poisonous Plant Database

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AUTHOR(S): Bakhiet, A. O.; Adam, S. E. I.
TITLE: Therapeutic utility, constituents and toxicity of some medicinal plants: a review.
YEAR: 1995 CITATION: Vet Hum Toxicol, 37(3), 255-258 [English]
FDA #: F05916
ABSTRACT: Abstract: Man has always made use of flora to alleviate suffering and disease. This review presents information on the various therapeutic applicatios of plants used in traditional medicine, their active principles and observed side effects in animals and human beings. We also focus on the gaps in our knowledge about plant toxicoses that require scientific investigation and offer some logical conclusion.
GRIN #: 404277 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMECassia italica
STANDARD PLANT NAMESenna italica Mill. subsp. arachoides (Burch.) Lock
GRIN #: 100059 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: coffee senna
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMECassia occidentalis
STANDARD PLANT NAMESenna occidentalis (L.) Link
GRIN #: 313456 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: sickle-pod senna
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMECassia tora
STANDARD PLANT NAMESenna tora (L.) Roxb.
GRIN #: 310124 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: black nightshade
FAMILYSolanaceae
LATIN NAMESolanum nigrum L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMESolanum nigrum L.
FDA #: F05916
GRIN #: IPNI Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEStrophanus gracilis
STANDARD PLANT NAMEStrophanthus gracilis K. Schum. & Pax ex Pax
GRIN #: 35812 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEStrophanus gratus
STANDARD PLANT NAMEStrophanthus gratus (Wall. & Hook.) Baill.
GRIN #: 35814 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEStrophanus hispidus
STANDARD PLANT NAMEStrophanthus hispidus DC.
GRIN #: 35855 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYLoganiaceae
LATIN NAMEStrychnos spinosa
STANDARD PLANT NAMEStrychnos spinosa Lam.
GRIN #: 410383 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: wheat
FAMILYPoaceae
LATIN NAMETriticum aestivum
STANDARD PLANT NAMETriticum aestivum L.
GRIN #: 41164 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYVerbenaceae
LATIN NAMEVerbena officinalis
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVerbena officinalis L.
GRIN #: 41813 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: chaste tree
FAMILYLamiaceae
LATIN NAMEVitex agnus castus
STANDARD PLANT NAMEVitex agnus-castus L.
GRIN #: 102407 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYSolanaceae
LATIN NAMEWithania somnifera
STANDARD PLANT NAMEWithania somnifera (L.) Dunal
GRIN #: 844 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: sweet acacia
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEAcacia farnesiana
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAcacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
GRIN #: 409114 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: onion
STANDARD COMMON NAME: onion
FAMILYAlliaceae
LATIN NAMEAllium cepa
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAllium cepa L. var. cepa
GRIN #: 2368 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: garlic
STANDARD COMMON NAME: garlic
FAMILYAlliaceae
LATIN NAMEAllium sativum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAllium sativum L.
GRIN #: 3060 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: cashew
FAMILYAnacardiaceae
LATIN NAMEAnacardium occidentale
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAnacardium occidentale L.
GRIN #: 3074 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: pineapple
FAMILYBromeliaceae
LATIN NAMEAnanas comosus
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAnanas comosus (L.) Merr.
GRIN #: 3785 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: peanut
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEArachis hypogaea
STANDARD PLANT NAMEArachis hypogaea L.
GRIN #: 3959 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: Mexican prickly poppy
FAMILYPapaveraceae
LATIN NAMEArgemone mexicana
STANDARD PLANT NAMEArgemone mexicana L.
GRIN #: 6161 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: neem
STANDARD COMMON NAME: neem
FAMILYMeliaceae
LATIN NAMEAzadirachta indica A Juzz
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAzadirachta indica A. Juss.
GRIN #: 6322 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: higlig tree
STANDARD COMMON NAME: desert date
FAMILYBalanitaceae
LATIN NAMEBalanites aegyptiaca
STANDARD PLANT NAMEBalanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile
FDA #: F05916
GRIN #: NoSource Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYBalanitaceae
LATIN NAMEBalanites roxburghii
STANDARD PLANT NAMEBalanites roxburghii Planch.
FDA #: F05916
GRIN #: NoSource Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRubiaceae
LATIN NAMEBorreria verticillata
STANDARD PLANT NAMEBorreria verticillata G. F. W. Mey.
GRIN #: 311781 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYBrassicaceae
LATIN NAMEBrassica napa
STANDARD PLANT NAMEBrassica napus L. var. napus
GRIN #: 7668 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYBrassicaceae
LATIN NAMEBrassica oleraceae
STANDARD PLANT NAMEBrassica oleracea L.
GRIN #: 8653 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: mudar
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMECalotropis procera
STANDARD PLANT NAMECalotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton
GRIN #: 418842 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: canscora
FAMILYGentianaceae
LATIN NAMECanscora decussta
STANDARD PLANT NAMECanscora alata (Roth) Wall.
GRIN #: 9147 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: papaya
FAMILYCaricaceae
LATIN NAMECarica papaya
STANDARD PLANT NAMECarica papaya L.
GRIN #: 70159 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: Madagascar periwinkle
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMECatharanthus roseus
STANDARD PLANT NAMECatharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don
GRIN #: 10684 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: bitter orange
FAMILYRutaceae
LATIN NAMECitrus aurantium L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMECitrus aurantium L.
GRIN #: 10732 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: lemon
FAMILYRutaceae
LATIN NAMECitrus limonum
STANDARD PLANT NAMECitrus limon (L.) Burm. f.
GRIN #: 10744 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRutaceae
LATIN NAMECitrus decumana
STANDARD PLANT NAMECitrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.
GRIN #: 101905 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: cola
FAMILYSterculiaceae
LATIN NAMECola acuminata
STANDARD PLANT NAMECola acuminata (P. Beauv.) Schott & Endl.
GRIN #: 101986 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: cola
FAMILYSterculiaceae
LATIN NAMECola nitida
STANDARD PLANT NAMECola nitida (Vent.) Schott & Endl.
GRIN #: 417498 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMECryptolepis sanguinolenta
STANDARD PLANT NAMECryptolepis sanguinolenta (Lindl.) Schltr.
GRIN #: 12606 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: pumkin
FAMILYCucurbitaceae
LATIN NAMECucurbita pepo
STANDARD PLANT NAMECucurbita pepo L.
GRIN #: 12901 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: yellow nut sedge
FAMILYCyperaceae
LATIN NAMECyperus esculentus
STANDARD PLANT NAMECyperus esculentus L.
GRIN #: 13311 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: sacred datura
FAMILYSolanaceae
LATIN NAMEDatura innoxia
STANDARD PLANT NAMEDatura inoxia Mill.
GRIN #: 13315 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: horn-of-plenty
FAMILYSolanaceae
LATIN NAMEDatura metel
STANDARD PLANT NAMEDatura metel L.
GRIN #: 13323 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: Jimson weed
FAMILYSolanaceae
LATIN NAMEDatura stramonium
STANDARD PLANT NAMEDatura stramonium L.
GRIN #: 14202 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYDioscoreaceae
LATIN NAMEDioscorea dumetorum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEDioscorea dumetorum (Kunth) Pax
FDA #: F05916
GRIN #: IPNI Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYDroseraceae
LATIN NAMEDrosera indica
STANDARD PLANT NAMEDrosera indica L.
GRIN #: 418430 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYMyrsinaceae
LATIN NAMEEmbelia schimperi
STANDARD PLANT NAMEEmbelia schimperi Vatke
GRIN #: 21699 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: henna
FAMILYLythraceae
LATIN NAMELawsonia inermis
STANDARD PLANT NAMELawsonia inermis L.
GRIN #: 431678 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: cassava
STANDARD COMMON NAME: cassava
FAMILYEuphorbiaceae
LATIN NAMEManihot esculenta
STANDARD PLANT NAMEManihot esculenta Crantz
GRIN #: 24520 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: bitter melon
FAMILYCucurbitaceae
LATIN NAMEMormordica charantia
STANDARD PLANT NAMEMomordica charantia L.
GRIN #: 24525 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYCucurbitaceae
LATIN NAMEMomordica faetida
STANDARD PLANT NAMEMomordica foetida Schumach.
GRIN #: 417533 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYRubiaceae
LATIN NAMEMorinda lucida
STANDARD PLANT NAMEMorinda lucida Benth.
FDA #: F05916
GRIN #: IPNI Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYLamiaceae
LATIN NAMEOcimum canum
STANDARD PLANT NAMEOcimum canum Sims
FDA #: F05916
GRIN #: IPNI Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYOleaceae
LATIN NAMEOpilia celtidifolia
STANDARD PLANT NAMEOpilia celtidifolia Endl. ex Walp.
GRIN #: 27187 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: millet
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYPoaceae
LATIN NAMEPennisetum typhoides
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.
GRIN #: 103214 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEPergularia daemia
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPergularia damia (Forssk.) Chiov.
GRIN #: 27632 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: common bean
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMEPhaseolus vulgaris
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPhaseolus vulgaris L.
GRIN #: 28046 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: date palm
FAMILYArecaceae
LATIN NAMEPhoenix dactylifera
STANDARD PLANT NAMEPhoenix dactylifera L.
GRIN #: 30897 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMERauvolfia vomitoria
STANDARD PLANT NAMERauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.
GRIN #: 33139 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMESarcostemma viminale
STANDARD PLANT NAMESarcostemma viminale (L.) R. Br.
GRIN #: 9299 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: ringworm senna
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMECassia alata
STANDARD PLANT NAMESenna alata (L.) Roxb.
GRIN #: 100067 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: senna
FAMILYFabaceae
LATIN NAMECassia senna
STANDARD PLANT NAMESenna alexandrina Mill.
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