Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
Vaccine 2005 Nov 16;23(46-47):5404-10
Protection against multiple influenza A subtypes by vaccination with highly conserved nucleoprotein.
Epstein SL, Kong WP, Misplon JA, Lo CY, Tumpey TM, Xu L, Nabel GJ
Epstein SL, US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Div Cellular & Gene Therapies, Lab Immunol & Dev Biol, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Div Cellular & Gene Therapies, Lab Immunol & Dev Biol, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIAID, Vaccine Res Ctr, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Influenza Branch, Div Viral & Rickettsial Dis, Atlanta, GA 30333 USA
Influenza epidemic and pandemic strains cannot be predicted with certainty. Current vaccines elicit antibodies effective against specific strains, but new strategies are urgently needed for protection against unexpected strains. DNA vaccines encoding conserved antigens protect animals against diverse subtypes, but their potency needs improvement. We tested DNA prime-recombinant adenoviral boost immunization to nucleoprotein (NP). Strong antibody and T cell responses were induced. Protection against challenge was T cell-dependent and substantially more potent than DNA vaccination alone. Importantly, vaccination protected against lethal challenge with highly pathogenic H5N1 virus. Thus, gene-based vaccination with NP may contribute to protective immunity against diverse influenza viruses through its ability to stimulate cellular immunity.
|Category: Journal Article|
|PubMed ID: #16011865|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics|
|Entry Created: 2011-10-04||Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29|