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Infect Immun 2005 Aug;73(8):5222-8

Importance of srtA and srtB for Growth of Bacillus anthracis in Macrophages.

Zink SD, Burns DL

Burns DL, US FDA, CBER, HFM-434,8800 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA US FDA, Lab Resp & Special Pathogens, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA


We examined the effect of mutation of two sortase genes of Bacillus anthracis, srtA and srtB, on the ability of the bacterium to grow in J774A.1 cells, a mouse macrophage-like cell line. While disruption of either srtA or srtB had no effect on the ability of the bacteria to grow in rich culture media, mutations in each of these genes dramatically attenuated growth of the bacterium in J774A.1 cells. Complementation of the mutation restored the ability of bacteria to grow in the cells. Since the initial events in inhalation anthrax are believed to be uptake of B. anthracis spores by alveolar macrophages followed by germination of the spores and growth of the bacteria within the macrophages, these results suggest that two sortases of B. anthracis may be critical in the early stages of inhalation anthrax.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #16041044
PubMed Central ID: #PMC1201184
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29