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Viral Immunol 2007 Summer;20(2):243-9

The cotton rat as a model to study influenza pathogenesis and immunity.

Eichelberger MC

Eichelberger MC (reprint author), US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Div Viral Prod, Bethesda, MD 20014 USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Div Viral Prod, Bethesda, MD 20014 USA


Influenza viruses continue to cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. With the threat of the emergence of a pandemic influenza strain, there is an urgency to develop new vaccine strategies that offer broad protection. The rational basis for the design of such vaccines comes from the use of animal models. Cotton rats are a helpful tool to study influenza disease pathogenesis and immunity because adaptation of human influenza strains is not required for virus replication in the lower respiratory tract and subsequent disease signs. This review describes innate and adaptive responses to influenza in infected cotton rats, and points out immune mechanisms that contribute to protection against disease.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #17603841
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29