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Nat Med 2007 Jul;13(7):843-50

Multifunctional T(H)1 cells define a correlate of vaccine-mediated protection against Leishmania major.

Darrah PA, Patel DT, De Luca PM, Lindsay RW, Davey DF, Flynn BJ, Hoff ST, Andersen P, Reed SG, Morris SL, Roederer M, Seder RA

Seder RA (reprint author), NIAID, Cellular Immunol Sect, Vaccine Res Ctr, NIH, 40 Convent Dr, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIAID, Cellular Immunol Sect, Vaccine Res Ctr, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Statens Serum Inst, Dept Infect Dis Immunol, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark Infect Dis Res Inst, Seattle, WA 98104 USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Lab Mycobacterial Dis & Cellular Immunol, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIAID, Vaccine Res Ctr, ImmunoTechnol Sect, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA


CD4(+) T cells have a crucial role in mediating protection against a variety of pathogens through production of specific cytokines. However, substantial heterogeneity in CD4(+) T-cell cytokine responses has limited the ability to define an immune correlate of protection after vaccination. Here, using multiparameter flow cytometry to assess the immune responses after immunization, we show that the degree of protection against Leishmania major infection in mice is predicted by the frequency of CD4(+) T cells simultaneously producing interferon-gamma, interleukin-2 and tumor necrosis factor. Notably, multifunctional effector cells generated by all vaccines tested are unique in their capacity to produce high amounts of interferon-gamma. These data show that the quality of a CD4(+) T-cell cytokine response can be a crucial determinant in whether a vaccine is protective, and may provide a new and useful prospective immune correlate of protection for vaccines based on T-helper type 1 (T(H)1) cells.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #17558415
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29