Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
Virology 2008 Jun 5;375(2):637-45
Functional hierarchy of two L domains in porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) that influence release and infectivity.
Marcucci KT, Martina Y, Harrison F, Wilson CA, Salomon DR
Salomon, DR (reprint author), Scripps Res Inst, Dept Mol & Expt Med, 10666 N Torrey Pines Rd, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA Scripps Res Inst, Dept Mol & Expt Med, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA Scripps Res Inst, Kellogg Sch Sci & Technol, La Jolla, CA 92037 USA US FDA, Gene Transfer & Immunogen Branch, Div Cellular & Gene Therapies, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA
The porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) Gag protein contains two late (L) domain motifs, PPPY and P(F/S)AP. Using viral release assays we demonstrate that PPPY is the dominant L domain involved in PERV release. PFAP represents a novel retroviral L domain variant and is defined by abnormal viral assembly phenotypes visualized by electron microscopy and attenuation of early PERV release as measured by viral genomes. PSAP is functionally dominant over PFAP in early PERV release. PSAP virions are 3.5-fold more infectious in vitro by TCID(50) and in vivo results in more RNA positive tissues and higher levels of proviral DNA using our human PERV-A receptor (HuPAR-2) transgenic mouse model [Martina, Y., Marcucci, K.T., Cherqui, S., Szabo, A., Drysdale, T., Srinivisan, U., Wilson, C.A., Patience, C., Salomon, D.R., 2006. Mice transgenic for a human porcine endogenous retrovirus receptor are susceptible to productive viral infection. J. Virol. 80 (7), 3135-3146]. The functional hierarchies displayed by PERV L domains, demonstrates that L domain selection in viral evolution exists to promote efficient viral assembly, release and infectivity in the virus-host context.
|Category: Journal Article|
|PubMed ID: #18355887|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics|
|Entry Created: 2011-10-04||Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29|