Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
Biochem J 2008 Sep 15;414(3):461-9
Acellular haemoglobin attenuates hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and its target genes in haemodiluted rats.
Manalo DJ, Buehler PW, Baek JH, Butt O, D'agnillo F, Alayash AI
Hb (haemoglobin)-based blood substitutes represent a class of therapeutics designed to correct oxygen deficit under conditions of anaemia and traumatic blood loss. The influences of these agents on HIF-1alpha (hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha) target genes involved in adaptation to hypoxia have so far not been studied. In the study presented here, rats underwent 80% ET (exchange transfusion) with either HS (hetastarch) or a polymerized Hb OG (Oxyglobin). HS induced dramatic EPO (erythropoietin) gene transcription, reaching a maximum at 4 h post-ET. In contrast, OG suppressed EPO transcription until approx. 24 h post-ET. Large plasma EPO levels that were observed post-ET with HS were significantly blunted in animals transfused with OG. OG, unlike HS, induced a sharp increase in HO-1 (haem oxygenase-1) transcription at 4 h, which declined rapidly within 24 h, whereas modest increases in iNOS [inducible (nitric oxide synthase)] and constitutive NOS [eNOS (endothelial NOS)] were detected over the control. Our results demonstrate for the first time that severe haemodilution-induced erythropoietic responses in kidneys were attenuated by a low-oxygen-affinity cell-free Hb and suggest that tissue-specific oxygen-sensing pathways can be influenced by allosterically modified Hbs.
|Category: Journal Article|
|PubMed ID: #18498252|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics|
|Entry Created: 2011-10-04||Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29|