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Virology 2008 Nov 10;381(1):116-22

Identification of a neutralization epitope in the VP1 capsid protein of SV40.

Murata H, Teferedegne B, Sheng L, Lewis AM Jr, Peden K

Abstract

Three SV40 escape mutants were identified by selection in the presence of monoclonal antibodies with neutralizing activity. The VP1 amino acid alterations in these mutants were: (1) K73-->E (in loop BC); (2) D77-->E (in loop BC); (3) K171-->R (in loop EF); and (4) Q175-->H (in loop EF). These residues are clustered in close proximity to each other on the surface of the native capsid protein, strongly suggesting that they form a conformational epitope directly recognized by the neutralizing antibody. To our knowledge, the present study represents the first experimental mapping of a neutralization epitope of a polyomavirus family member. Structural information regarding the neutralization epitope should be useful for clarifying the extent of cross-reactivity exhibited by the humoral immune response towards related primate polyomaviruses (e.g., SV40, BKV, and JCV).


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #18789470
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29
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