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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

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Biologicals 2009 Jun;37(3):196-201

Proposed algorithm to investigate latent and occult viruses in vaccine cell substrates by chemical induction.

Khan AS, Ma W, Ma Y, Kumar A, Williams DK, Muller J, Ma H, Galvin TA


The recent urgency to develop new vaccines for emerging and re-emerging diseases, such as pandemic influenza, has necessitated the use of cell substrates not previously used in the manufacture of licensed vaccines. A major safety concern in the use of novel cell substrates is the presence of potential adventitious agents, such as latent and occult viruses, that may not be detected by currently used conventional assays. In cases where the novel cell substrate is known to be tumorigenic, there are additional safety issues related to tumorigenicity of intact cells and oncogenicity of residual cellular DNA. We have developed a strategy for evaluating vaccine cell substrates for the presence of latent/occult viruses, including endogenous retroviruses, latent RNA viruses and oncogenic DNA viruses, by optimizing conditions for chemical induction of viruses and using a combination of broad and specific assays to enable detection of known and novel viruses.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #19299169 DOI: 10.1016/j.biologicals.2009.02.016
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29