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J Virol 2009 Aug;83(16):7873-82

Investigation of the Mechanism by Which Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 LAT Sequences Modulate Preferential Establishment of Latent Infection in Mouse Trigeminal Ganglia.

Imai Y, Apakupakul K, Krause PR, Halford WP, Margolis TP


We previously demonstrated that HSV-1 preferentially establishes latent infection in A5-positive ganglionic neurons and that a 2.8-kb portion of the HSV-1 genome, corresponding to the 5' end of the LAT coding region, is responsible for this phenotype (40, 70). In the current study we carried out further genetic mapping of this latency phenotype and investigated some of the mechanisms that might be responsible. Studies with the chimeric virus HSV-1 17syn+/LAT2, an HSV-1 virus engineered to express HSV-2 LAT, demonstrated that this virus exhibited an HSV-2 latency phenotype, preferentially establishing latency in KH10-positive neurons. This result is complimentary to that previously described for the chimeric virus HSV-2 333/LAT1, and indicate that the HSV-1 latency phenotype can be changed to that of HSV-2 by substitution of a 2.8-kb piece of complementary viral DNA. Sequential studies in which we evaluated the pattern of HSV-1 latent infection of the mouse trigeminal ganglion following ocular inoculation with viruses deleted for functional thymidine kinase, glycoprotein E, ICP0 and US9 protein demonstrate that preferential establishment of HSV-1 latent infection in A5-positive neurons is not a consequence of 1) differential access of HSV-1 to A5-positive neurons; 2) differential cell-to-cell spread of HSV-1 to A5-positive neurons; 3) differential roundtrip spread of HSV-1 to A5-positive neurons; or 4) expression of ICP0. Additional mapping studies with the HSV-1 LAT deletion viruses dLAT371, 17DeltaSty and 17Delta348 indicate that most of the LAT 5' exon is not required for HSV-1 to preferentially establish latent infection in A5-positive neurons.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #19493993 DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00043-09
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29