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Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2010 Apr 23;395(1):93-8

Peptides panned from a phage-displayed random peptide library are useful for the detection of Bacillus anthracis surrogates B. cereus 4342 and B. anthracis Sterne.

Sainath Rao S, Mohan KV, Nguyen N, Abraham B, Abdouleva G, Zhang P, Atreya CD

Abstract

Recent use of Bacillus anthracis as a bioweapon has highlighted the need for a sensitive monitoring system. Current bacterial detection tests use antibodies as bio-molecular recognition elements which have limitations with regard to time, specificity and sensitivity, creating the need for new and improved cost-effective high-affinity detection probes. In this study, we screened a commercially available bacteriophage-displayed random peptide library using Bacillus cereus 4342 cells as bait to identify peptides that could be used for detection of Bacillus. The method enabled us to identify two 12-amino acid consensus peptide sequences that specifically bind to B. cereus 4342 and B. anthracis Sterne, the nonpathogenic surrogates of B. anthracis strain. The two Bacillus-binding peptides (named BBP-1 and BBP-2) were synthesized with biotin tag to confirm their binding by four independent detection assays. Dot-blot analysis revealed that the peptides bind specifically to B. cereus 4342 and B. anthracis Sterne. Quantitative analysis of this interaction by ELISA and fluorometry demonstrated a detection sensitivity of 10(2) colony forming U/ml (CFU/ml) by both assays. When the peptides were used in combination with Qdots, the sensitivity was enhanced further by enabling detection of even a single bacterium by fluorescence microscopy. Immunoblot analysis and protein sequencing showed that BBP-1 and BBP-2 bound to the S-layer protein of B. anthracis Sterne. Overall, our findings validate the usefulness of synthetic versions of phage-derived peptides in combination with Qdot-liquid nanocrystals as high sensitivity bioprobes for various microbial detection platforms.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #20350526 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.03.145
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29
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