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Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2011 Oct 14;414(1):20-4

Molecules from apoptotic pathways modulate HIV-1 replication in Jurkat cells.

Wang X, Ragupathy V, Zhao J, Hewlett I

Abstract

The replication of viruses involves control of some aspects of host cell homeostasis by modification of target cell metabolism and regulation of the apoptotic machinery. It is not well known whether molecules involved in apoptotic pathways affect human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication and regulate viral yields. Using the susceptible Jurkat cell line, we studied the relationship of apoptosis-associated molecules with HIV-1 virus production using a sensitive real-time RT-PCR assay. Here, we found that expression of proapoptotic proteins, including Fas ligand (FasL), FADD, or p53 significantly increased HIV-1 virus production. In contrast, the expression of antiapoptotic molecules, such as FLIP, Bcl-X(L), and XIAP, decreased HIV-1 virus production. Knockdown of Bax with siRNA and FADD with expression of its antisense mRNA also inhibited viral replication and the caspase-3 inhibitor, Z-DEVD, and decreased virus production. These data indicate that HIV-1 infection regulates the apoptosis process to facilitate viral replication and inhibition of apoptosis may inhibit HIV-1 replication and cytopathogenesis. We also discuss the effects of MAPK signaling pathways and apoptosis on HIV-1 replication.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #21945613 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.09.007
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-03 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29
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