Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
Tob Induc Dis 2011 May 23;9 Suppl 1:S5
Menthol cigarette smoking and nicotine dependence.
Hoffman AC, Simmons D
Since tobacco use is driven by dependence on nicotine, the primary addictive substance in tobacco, much research has focused on nicotine dependence. Less well understood, however, is the role that menthol plays in nicotine dependence. This review seeks to examine what role, if any, menthol plays in nicotine addiction in adults and youth. Based on research examining several indicators of heaviness of nicotine addiction, including time to first cigarette upon waking, night waking to smoke, as well as some other indications of dependence, it is suggested that menthol cigarette smokers are more heavily dependent on nicotine. Although other indicators of nicotine dependence, including number of cigarettes per day and the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence, failed to consistently differentiate menthol and non-menthol smokers, these indicators are thought to be less robust than time to first cigarette. Therefore, though limited, the existing literature suggests that menthol smokers may be more dependence on nicotine.
|Category: Journal Article, Review|
|PubMed ID: #21624151|
|PubMed Central ID: #PMC3102904|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Tobacco|
|Entry Created: 2011-10-03||Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29|