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J Infect Dis 2012 Aug;206(4):512-522

Immunogenicity, Immunologic Memory, and Safety Following Measles Revaccination in HIV-Infected Children Receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy.

Abzug MJ, Qin M, Levin MJ, Fenton T, Beeler JA, Bellini WJ, Audet S, Sowers SB, Borkowsky W, Nachman SA, Pelton SI, Rosenblatt HM, the International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials Group P1024 and P1061s Protocol Teams


Background.¿Response rates and immunologic memory following measles vaccination are reduced in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children in the absence of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Methods.¿HIV-infected children 2 to <19 years old receiving HAART and with HIV loads <30 000 copies/mL, CD4% ¿15, and ¿1 prior measles-mumps-rubella vaccination (MMR) were given another MMR. Measles antibody concentrations before and 8, 32, and 80 weeks postvaccination were determined by plaque reduction neutralization (PRN). A subset was given another MMR 4-5 years later, and PRN antibody was measured before and 7 and 28 days later. Results.¿At entry, 52% of 193 subjects were seroprotected (PRN ¿120 mIU/mL). Seroprotection increased to 89% 8 weeks postvaccination, and remained at 80% 80 weeks postvaccination. Of 65 subjects revaccinated 4-5 years later, 85% demonstrated memory based on seroprotection before or 7 days after vaccination. HIV load ¿400 copies/mL at initial study vaccination was associated with higher seroprotection rates, greater antibody concentrations, and memory. Grade 3 fever or fatigue occurred in 2% of subjects. Conclusions.¿Measles revaccination induced high rates of seroprotection and memory in children receiving HAART. Both endpoints were associated with HIV viral load suppression. Clinical Trials Registration:¿NCT00013871 (www.clinicaltrials.gov).

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #22693229 DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jis386
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-11-02 Entry Last Modified: 2012-09-02