Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
J Immunol 2011 Nov 15;187(10):5114-22
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 regulates antibody production and maintenance of lymphoid architecture.
Chaimowitz NS, Martin RK, Cichy J, Gibb DR, Patil P, Kang DJ, Farnsworth J, Butcher EC, McCright B, Conrad DH
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) is a zinc-dependent proteinase related to matrix metalloproteinases. ADAM10 has emerged as a key regulator of cellular processes by cleaving and shedding extracellular domains of multiple transmembrane receptors and ligands. We have developed B cell-specific ADAM10-deficient mice (ADAM10(B-/-)). In this study, we show that ADAM10 levels are significantly enhanced on germinal center B cells. Moreover, ADAM10(B-/-) mice had severely diminished primary and secondary responses after T-dependent immunization. ADAM10(B-/-) displayed impaired germinal center formation, had fewer follicular Th cells, decreased follicular dendritic cell networks, and altered chemokine expression in draining lymph nodes (LNs). Interestingly, when spleen and LN structures from immunized mice were analyzed for B and T cell localization, tissues structure was aberrant in ADAM10(B-/-) mice. Importantly, when ADAM10-deficient B cells were stimulated in vitro, they produced comparable Ab as wild type B cells. This result demonstrates that the defects in humoral responses in vivo result from inadequate B cell activation, likely because of the decrease in follicular Th cells and the changes in structure. Thus, ADAM10 is essential for the maintenance of lymphoid structure after Ag challenge.
|Category: Journal Article|
|PubMed ID: #21998451||DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1102172|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics|
|Entry Created: 2011-12-03||Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29|