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Virology 2012 Jun 5;427(2):118-26

Comparison of the convergent receptor utilization of a retargeted feline leukemia virus envelope with a naturally-occurring porcine endogenous retrovirus A.

Mazari PM, Argaw T, Valdivieso L, Zhang X, Marcucci KT, Salomon DR, Wilson CA, Roth MJ

Abstract

In vitro screening of randomized FeLV Envelope libraries identified the CP isolate, which enters cells through HuPAR-1, one of two human receptors utilized by porcine endogenous retrovirus-A (PERV-A), a distantly related gammaretrovirus. The CP and PERV-A Envs however, share little amino acid homology. Their receptor utilization was examined to define the common receptor usage of these disparate viral Envs. We demonstrate that the receptor usage of CP extends to HuPAR-2 but not to the porcine receptor PoPAR, the cognate receptor for PERV-A. Reciprocal interference between virus expressing CP and PERV-A Envs was observed on human cells. Amino acid residues localized to within the putative second extracellular loop (ECL-2) of PAR-1 and PAR-2 are found to be critical for CP envelope function. Through a panel of receptor chimeras and point mutations, this area was also found to be responsible for the differential usage of the PoPAR receptor between CP and PERV-A.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #22405627 DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2012.02.012
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2012-04-28 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29
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