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Biologicals 2012 Nov 27 [Epub ahead of print]

Potential use of inflammation and early immunological event biomarkers in assessing vaccine safety.

Mastelic B, Lewis DJ, Golding H, Gust I, Sheets R, Lambert PH


Highly effective vaccines have traditionally been designed in a rather empirical way, often with incomplete understanding of their mode of action. Full assessment of efficacy and reactogenicity takes time and, as a result, vaccine introduction to the market is usually slow and expensive. In addition, in rare cases, unacceptable reactogenicity may only become apparent after years of development or even widespread use. However, recent advances in cell biology and immunology offer a range of new technologies and systems for identifying biological responses or "biomarkers" that could possibly be used to evaluate and predict efficacy and safety during vaccine development and post-marketing surveillance. This report reflects the conclusions of a group of scientists from academia, regulatory agencies and industry who attended a conference on the potential use of biomarkers to assess vaccine safety which was held in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, from 10 to 11 May 2012 and organized by the International Association for Biologicals (IABS). The conference focused particularly on determining which biomarkers might relate to vaccine efficacy and reactogenicity and whether our knowledge base was sufficiently robust at this time for the data to be used for decision-making. More information on the conference output can be found on the IABS website, http://www.iabs.org/.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23194656 DOI: 10.1016/j.biologicals.2012.10.005
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2012-07-30 Entry Last Modified: 2013-01-31