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J Agric Food Chem 2012 Sep 19;60(37):9394-404

Development of an Ion Chromatography-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry Method To Determine Inorganic Arsenic in Liver from Chickens Treated with Roxarsone.

Conklin SD, Shockey N, Kubachka K, Howard KD, Carson MC

Abstract

Roxarsone, (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)arsonic acid, is an arsenic-containing compound that has been approved as a feed additive for poultry and swine since the 1940s; however, little information is available regarding residual arsenic species present in edible tissues. We developed a novel method for the extraction and quantification of arsenic species in chicken liver. A strongly basic solution solubilized the liver, and ultrafiltration removed macromolecules and particulate material. Ion chromatography separated the species [arsenite, arsenate, monomethylarsonic acid, dimethylarsinic acid, (4-hydroxy-3-aminophenyl)arsonic acid, (4-hydroxy-3-acetaminophenyl)arsonic acid, and roxarsone] in the extracts, which were then detected by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. The extraction oxidized most arsenite to arsenate. For fortification concentrations at 2 mug kg(-1) and above, recoveries ranged from 70 to 120%, with relative standard deviations from 7 to 34%. We detected roxarsone, its 3-amino and 3-acetamido metabolites, inorganic arsenic, and additional unknown arsenic species in livers from roxarsone-treated chickens. Both the originating laboratory and a second laboratory validated the method.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #22897610 DOI: 10.1021/jf302366a
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Food Animal and Veterinary Regulatory Affairs
Entry Created: 2012-09-09 Entry Last Modified: 2012-10-28
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