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J Pharm Sci 1995 Apr;84(4):393-8

Oxime derivatives of the intermediary oncostatic metabolites of cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide: synthesis and deuterium labeling for applications to metabolite quantification.

Ludeman SM, Shulman-Roskes EM, Wong KK, Han SY, Anderson LW, Strong JM, Colvin OM


There is ongoing interest in the selective, quantitative analysis of the cyclophosphamide metabolites 4-hydroxycyclophosphamide (2a) and aldophosphamide (3a) because these tautomers are generally believed to play a key role in oncostatic selectivity and metabolite transport. O-(2,3,4,5,6-Pentafluorobenzyl)hydroxylamine (C6F5CH2ONH2, 1 equiv) provided for the complete conversion (by 31P NMR, 60% reaction within 15 min at 20 degrees C) of 2a/3a (17 mM in H2O/CH3OH) to E/Z-aldophosphamide O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)oxime [C6F5CH2ON = CHCH2CH2OP-(O)(NH2)N(CH2CH2Cl)2; E:Z = 54:46 (+/- 3% average deviation)]. Under these conditions, the oxime exhibited little (6%) decomposition over 3 weeks. Parallel studies showed that 4-hydroxyifosfamide/aldoifosfamide reacted completely to give the analogous aldoifosfamide oxime [C6F5CH2ON = CHCH2CH2OP(O)(NHCH2CH2Cl)2; E:Z = 52:48 (+/- 1% average deviation)] with 50% reaction within 15 min at 20 degrees C with no product decomposition over 3 weeks. In aqueous methanol and with 2 equiv C6F5CH2ONH2, clinically useful 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (10 mM; tau 1/2 = 10 min, 37 degrees C) and its isomer 4-hydroperoxyifosfamide (10 mM; tau 1/2 = 25 min, 20 degrees C) underwent complete conversion to the corresponding aldehyde oximes. Each oxime was synthesized with deuterium in the chloroethyl moieties for use as internal standards in GC/MS applications.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #7629726 DOI: 10.1002/jps.2600840403
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Drugs
Entry Created: 2012-11-12