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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Scientific Publications by FDA Staff

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Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 2012 Sep;50(9):622-30

Limitations of model based dose selection for indacaterol in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Wang Y, Lee JY, Michele T, Chowdhury BA, Gobburu JV


OBJECTIVE: Indacaterol is a long-acting beta-agonist (LABA) approved by FDA in 2011 at a dose of 75 mug once daily for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). During the review process for indacaterol approval, data were reanalyzed by FDA to evaluate the validity of the model based conclusions regarding dose selection. METHODS: The same dose response model applied by the sponsor was used to analyze a subset of the original data. Model predictions were compared with observed data to evaluate the model. Subgroups were created to visualize the relationship between key model parameters and covariates. The Emax model structure was evaluated for a meta-analysis. RESULTS: Patient-level analyses showed that the model based claim of additional benefit of 150 mug over 75 mug for more severe patients is not supported by the data. Mis-specified covariate model structures for key parameters contributed to this inconsistency. The assumed Emax model structure is not supported by the study-level data and the study-level analysis overestimates the incremental difference between two adjacent doses. CONCLUSIONS: Even though model based drug development is highly desirable, thorough model evaluation and justification is necessary to ensure the validity of related decisions.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #22578206 DOI: 10.5414/CP201758
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Drugs
Entry Created: 2012-11-12