Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
Trends Amplif 2012 Jun;16(2):67-82
Acoustic cue integration in speech intonation recognition with cochlear implants.
Peng SC, Chatterjee M, Lu N
The present article reports on the perceptual weighting of prosodic cues in question-statement identification by adult cochlear implant (CI) listeners. Acoustic analyses of normal-hearing (NH) listeners' production of sentences spoken as questions or statements confirmed that in English the last bisyllabic word in a sentence carries the dominant cues (F0, duration, and intensity patterns) for the contrast. Furthermore, these analyses showed that the F0 contour is the primary cue for the question-statement contrast, with intensity and duration changes conveying important but less reliable information. On the basis of these acoustic findings, the authors examined adult CI listeners' performance in two question-statement identification tasks. In Task 1, 13 CI listeners' question-statement identification accuracy was measured using naturally uttered sentences matched for their syntactic structures. In Task 2, the same listeners' perceptual cue weighting in question-statement identification was assessed using resynthesized single-word stimuli, within which fundamental frequency (F0), intensity, and duration properties were systematically manipulated. Both tasks were also conducted with four NH listeners with full-spectrum and noise-band-vocoded stimuli. Perceptual cue weighting was assessed by comparing the estimated coefficients in logistic models fitted to the data. Of the 13 CI listeners, 7 achieved high performance levels in Task 1. The results of Task 2 indicated that multiple sources of acoustic cues for question-statement identification were utilized to different extents depending on the listening conditions (e.g., full spectrum vs. spectrally degraded) or the listeners' hearing and amplification status (e.g., CI vs. NH).
|Category: Journal Article|
|PubMed ID: #22790392||DOI: 10.1177/1084713812451159|
|PubMed Central ID: #PMC3560417|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Medical Devices|
|Entry Created: 2012-12-10||Entry Last Modified: 2013-03-14|