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PLoS One 2013;8(1):e54927

Role of neural stem cell activity in postweaning development of the sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area in rats.

He Z, Ferguson SA, Cui L, Greenfield LJ Jr, Paule MG


The sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) has received increased attention due to its apparent sensitivity to estrogen-like compounds found in food and food containers. The mechanisms that regulate SDN-POA volume remain unclear as is the extent of postweaning development of the SDN-POA. Here we demonstrate that the female Sprague-Dawley SDN-POA volume increased from weaning to adulthood, although this increase was not statistically significant as it was in males. The number of cells positive for Ki67, a marker of cell proliferation, in both the SDN-POA and the hypothalamus was significantly higher at weaning than at adulthood in male rats. In contrast, the number of Ki67-positive cells was significantly higher in the hypothalamus but not in the SDN-POA (p>0.05) at weaning than at adulthood in female rats. A subset of the Ki67-positive cells in the SDN-POA displayed the morphology of dividing cells. Nestin-immunoreactivity delineated a potential macroscopic neural stem cell niche in the rostral end of the 3rd ventricle. In conclusion, stem cells may partially account for the sexually dimorphic postweaning development of the SDN-POA.

Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23383001 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054927
PubMed Central ID: #PMC3559780
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Toxicological Research
Entry Created: 2013-02-06 Entry Last Modified: 2013-07-20