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JOM 2013 Apr;65(4):550-6

Prevention of Ultraviolet (UV)-Induced Surface Damage and Cytotoxicity of Polyethersulfone Using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) Titanium Dioxide

Petrochenko PE, Scarel G, Hyde GK, Parsons GN, Skoog SA, Zhang Q, Goering PL, Narayan RJ

Abstract

Nanostructured surfaces are finding use in several medical applications, including tissue scaffolds and wound dressings. These surfaces are frequently manufactured from biocompatible polymers that are susceptible to ultraviolet (UV) damage. Polyethersulfone (PES) is a biocompatible polymer that undergoes oxidation and degradation when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light. A uniform TiO2 coating can protect PES during exposure to UV sources (e.g., germicidal lamps and sunlight). The goal of this study was to determine whether atomic layer deposition (ALD) can successfully be used to grow TiO2 onto PES, protect it from UV irradiation, and reduce macrophage in vitro cytotoxicity. TiO2 was ALD-coated onto PES at 21 nm thickness. Uncoated PES exposed to UV for 30 min visibly changed color, whereas TiO2-coated PES showed no color change, indicating limited degradation. Macrophages exposed to UV-treated PES for 48 h showed reduced cell viability (via MTT assay) to 18% of control. In contrast, the cell viability for UV-treated TiO2-coated PES was 90% of control. Non-UV treated PES showed no decrease in cell viability. The results indicate that ALD of TiO2 thin films is a useful technique to protect polymers from UV damage and to retain low cytotoxicity to macrophages and other types of cells that are involved in wound healing. TiO2- coated PES membranes also have potential use in direct methanol fuel cells and in wastewater treatment membranes.


Category: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1007/s11837-013-0565-8
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Medical Devices
Entry Created: 2013-04-07
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