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Biomed Eng Online 2013 Feb 9;12:12

Numerical investigations of MRI RF field induced heating for external fixation devices.

Liu Y, Shen J, Kainz W, Qian S, Wu W, Chen J

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radio frequency (RF) field induced heating on external fixation devices can be very high in the vicinity of device screws. Such induced RF heating is related to device constructs, device placements, as well as the device insertion depth into human subjects. In this study, computational modeling is performed to determine factors associated with such induced heating. METHODS: Numerical modeling, based on the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, is used to evaluate the temperature rises near external device screw tips inside the ASTM phantom for both 1.5-T and 3-T MRI systems. The modeling approach consists of 1) the development of RF coils for 1.5-T and 3-T, 2) the electromagnetic simulations of energy deposition near the screw tips of external fixation devices, and 3) the thermal simulations of temperature rises near the tips of these devices. RESULTS: It is found that changing insertion depth and screw spacing could largely affect the heating of these devices. In 1.5-T MRI system, smaller insertion depth and larger pin spacing will lead to higher temperature rise. However, for 3-T MRI system, the relation is not very clear when insertion depth is larger than 5 cm or when pin spacing became larger than 20 cm. The effect of connection bar material on device heating is also studied and the heating mechanism of the device is analysed. CONCLUSIONS: Numerical simulation is used to study RF heating for external fixation devices in both 1.5-T and 3-T MRI coils. Typically, shallower insertion depth and larger pin spacing with conductive bar lead to higher RF heating. The heating mechanism is explained using induced current along the device and power decay inside ASTM phantom.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23394173 DOI: 10.1186/1475-925X-12-12
PubMed Central ID: #PMC3610272
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Medical Devices
Entry Created: 2013-04-28 Entry Last Modified: 2014-11-18
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