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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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J Microbiol Methods 2013 Oct;95(1):57-67

Antimicrobial Resistance in Campylobacter: Susceptibility Testing Methods and Resistance Trends.

Ge B, Wang F, Sjolund-Karlsson M, McDermott PF


Most Campylobacter infections are self-limiting but antimicrobial treatment (e.g., macrolides, fluoroquinolones) is necessary in severe or prolonged cases. Susceptibility testing continues to play a critical role in guiding therapy and epidemiological monitoring of resistance. The methods of choice for Campylobacter recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) are agar dilution and broth microdilution; while a disk diffusion method was recently standardized by the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST). Macrolides, quinolones, and tetracyclines are among the common antimicrobials recommended for testing. Molecular determination of Campylobacter resistance via DNA sequencing or PCR-based methods has been performed. High levels of resistance to tetracycline and ciprofloxacin are frequently reported by many national surveillance programs, but resistance to erythromycin and gentamicin in Campylobacter jejuni remains low. Nonetheless, variations in susceptibility observed over time underscore the need for continued public health monitoring of Campylobacter resistance from humans, animals, and food.

Category: Journal Article, Review
PubMed ID: #23827324 DOI: 10.1016/j.mimet.2013.06.021
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Animal and Veterinary
Entry Created: 2013-07-07 Entry Last Modified: 2013-10-19