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Sci Rep 2013 Oct 3;3:2827

Geometric control of cell migration.

Chen B, Kumar G, Co CC, Ho CC

Abstract

Morphological polarization involving changes in cell shape and redistribution of cellular signaling machinery, initiate the migration of mammalian cells. Golgi complex typically localizes in front of the nucleus, and this frontwards polarization has been proposed to be involved in directional migration. However, the sequence of events remains unresolved. Does Golgi polarization precede directional migration or vice-versa? We address this question by constraining cells to specific areas and shapes then tracking their motile behavior and the spatio-temporal distribution of Golgi apparatus upon release. Results show that while the position of the Golgi complex depends on the cell geometry, the subcellular localization of the Golgi complex does not define the cell's leading edge. Cells constrained within elongated geometries exhibit polarized extension of lamellipodia and upon release, migrate preferentially along the long axis of the cell. Minimally constrained cells released from larger areas however, exhibit retarded migration regardless of lamellipodia protrusion activity.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #24089214 DOI: 10.1038/srep02827
PubMed Central ID: #PMC3789147
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Medical Devices
Entry Created: 2013-10-27
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