Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
Drug Metab Rev 2013 Dec 31 [Epub ahead of print]
Porcine brain microvessel endothelial cells show pro-inflammatory response to the size and composition of metallic nanoparticles.
Trickler WJ, Lantz-McPeak SM, Robinson BL, Paule MG, Slikker W Jr, Biris AS, Schlager JJ, Hussain SM, Kanungo J, Gonzalez C, Ali SF
The purpose of the current studies was to determine if systemic exposure of various metallic nanoparticles differing in size and composition [silver (Ag-NPs, 25, 40 and 80 nm), copper-oxide (Cu-NPs, 40 and 60 nm) or gold (Au-NPs, 3 and 5 nm)] can induce the release of pro-inflammatory mediators that influence the restrictive nature of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vitro. Confluent porcine brain microvessel endothelial cells (pBMECs) (8-12 days) were treated with various metallic nanoparticles (15 mug/ml). Extracellular concentrations of pro-inflammatory mediators (IL-1beta, TNFalpha and PGE2) were evaluated using ELISA. pBMECs were cultured in standard 12-well Transwell(R) inserts, and permeability was evaluated by measuring the transport of fluorescein across the pBMEC monolayers. PGE2 release following Cu-NP exposure was significantly increased when compared to the control. Similar results were observed for Ag-NPs but not Au-NPs. The secretion of TNFalpha and IL-1beta was observed for both Cu-NPs and Ag-NPs but not in response to Au-NPs. The post-treatment time profiles of TNFalpha and IL-1beta revealed that the IL-1beta response was more persistent. The permeability ratios (exposure/control) were significantly greater following exposure to Cu-NPs or Ag-NPs, compared to Au-NPs. Together, these data suggest that the composition and size of NPs can cause significant pro-inflammatory response that can influence the integrity of the BBB.
|Category: Journal Article, Review|
|PubMed ID: #24378227||DOI: 10.3109/03602532.2013.873450|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Toxicological Research|
|Entry Created: 2014-01-02|