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Magn Reson Med 2014 Feb;71(2):839-45

Whole-body and local RF absorption in human models as a function of anatomy and position within 1.5T MR body coil.

Murbach M, Neufeld E, Kainz W, Pruessmann KP, Kuster N

Abstract

PURPOSE: Radiofrequency energy deposition in magnetic resonance imaging must be limited to prevent excessive heating of the patient. Correlations of radiofrequency absorption with large-scale anatomical features (e.g., height) are investigated in this article. THEORY AND METHODS: The specific absorption rate (SAR), as the pivotal parameter for quantifying absorbed radiofrequency, increases with the radial dimension of the patient and therefore with the large-scale anatomical properties. The absorbed energy in six human models has been modeled in different Z-positions (head to knees) within a 1.5T bodycoil. RESULTS: For a fixed B1+ incident field, the whole-body SAR can be up to 2.5 times higher (local SAR up to seven times) in obese adult models compared to children. If the exposure is normalized to 4 W/kg whole-body SAR, the local SAR can well-exceed the limits for local transmit coils and shows intersubject variations of up to a factor of three. CONCLUSIONS: The correlations between anatomy and induced local SAR are weak for normalized exposure, but strong for a fixed B1+ field, suggesting that anatomical properties could be used for fast SAR predictions. This study demonstrates that a representative virtual human population is indispensable for the investigation of local SAR levels. Magn Reson Med, 2013. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #23440667 DOI: 10.1002/mrm.24690
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Medical Devices
Entry Created: 2014-03-09 Entry Last Modified: 2014-11-18
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