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Carbohydr Res 2014 May 7;389:165-73

Sialo-CEST: chemical exchange saturation transfer NMR of oligo- and poly-sialic acids and the assignment of their hydroxyl groups using selective- and HSQC-TOCSY.

Shinar H, Battistel MD, Mandler M, Lichaa F, Freedberg DI, Navon G

Abstract

Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) is an NMR method that takes advantage of proton exchange between solute and solvent molecules in dynamic equilibrium, enabling the detection of the solute NMR signals with enhanced sensitivity. Herein, we report that the hydroxyl groups in a naturally occurring polysaccharide, alpha-2,8 polysialic acid in aqueous solution, yield very significant CEST effects even at 37 degrees C where the resonances of the hydroxyl groups are not directly observed. We also report the assignments of the hydroxyl groups for the polymer and its oligomeric building blocks, from monomer to hexamer. We show that the same assignments can be made by either 1H-1H TOCSY methods or 1H-13C HSQC-TOCSY methods, to alleviate spectral overlap. Finally, we report the exchange rates of the OH groups with water and show how these rates can be used to select and fine-tune CEST effects.


Category: Journal Article
PubMed ID: #24680509 DOI: 10.1016/j.carres.2014.02.008
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2014-04-01 Entry Last Modified: 2014-05-24
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