Scientific Publications by FDA Staff
Mol Microbiol 2014 Aug;93(4):748-58
Strong inhibition of fimbrial 3 subunit gene transcription by a novel downstream repressive element in Bordetella pertussis.
Chen Q, Boulanger A, Hinton DM, Stibitz S
The Bvg-regulated promoters for the fimbrial subunit genes fim2 and fim3 of B. pertussis behave differently from each other both in vivo and in vitro. In vivo Pfim2 is significantly stronger than Pfim3 , even though predictions based on the DNA sequences of BvgA binding motifs and core promoter elements would indicate the opposite. In vitro Pfim3 demonstrated robust BvgA~P-dependent transcriptional activation, while none was seen with Pfim2 . This apparent contradiction was investigated further. By swapping sequence elements we created a number of hybrid promoters and assayed their strength in vivo. We found that, while Pfim3 promoter elements upstream of the +1 transcriptional start site do indeed direct Bvg-activated transcription more efficiently than those of Pfim2 , the overall promoter strength of Pfim3 in vivo is reduced due to sequences downstream of +1 that inhibit transcription more than 250-fold. This element, the DRE (downstream repressive element), was mapped to the 15 bp immediately downstream of the Pfim3 +1. Placing the DRE in different promoter contexts indicated that its activity was not specific to fim promoters, or even to Bvg-regulated promoters. However it does appear to be specific to Bordetella species in that it did not function in E. coli.
|Category: Journal Article|
|PubMed ID: #24963821||DOI: 10.1111/mmi.12690|
|Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics|
|Entry Created: 2014-06-23||Entry Last Modified: 2014-09-14|