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J Virol 2004 May 15;78(10):5015-5022

RhoA-Derived Peptide Dimers Share Mechanistic Properties with Other Polyanionic Inhibitors of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), Including Disruption of Viral Attachment and Dependence on RSV G.

Budge PJ, Li Y, Beeler JA, Graham BS

Graham BS, NIAID, Vaccine Res Ctr, NIH, Viral Pathogenesis Lab, MSC 3017,Bldg 40,Room 2502,40 Convent Dr, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NIAID, Vaccine Res Ctr, NIH, Viral Pathogenesis Lab, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Vanderbilt Univ, Med Ctr, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, Nashville, TN 37232 USA US FDA, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Lab Pediat & Resp Virus Dis, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA


Large polyanionic molecules, such as sulfated polysaccharides (including soluble heparin and dextran sulfate), synthetic polyanionic polymers, and negatively charged proteins, have been shown to broadly inhibit several enveloped viruses. We recently reported the antiviral activity of a peptide derived from amino acids 77 to 95 of a potential binding partner of respiratory syncytial virus F protein (RSV F), the GTPase RhoA. A subsequent study with a truncated peptide (amino acids 80 to 94) revealed that optimal antiviral activity required dimerization via intermolecular disulfide bonds. We report here that the net negative charge of this peptide is also a determining factor for its antiviral activity and that it, like other polyanions, inhibits virus attachment. In a flow cytometry-based binding assay, peptide 80-94, heparin, and dextran sulfate inhibited the attachment of virus to cells at 4 degrees C at the same effective concentrations at which they prevent viral infectivity. Interestingly, time-of-addition experiments revealed that peptide 80-94 and soluble heparin were also able to inhibit the infectivity of a virus that had been prebound to cells at 4 degrees C, as had previously been shown for dextran sulfate, suggesting a potential role for postattachment effects of polyanions on RSV entry. Neutralization experiments with recombinant viruses showed that the antiviral activities of peptide 80-94 and dextran sulfate were diminished in the absence of the RSV attachment glycoprotein (G). Taken together, these data indicate that the antiviral activity of RhoA-derived peptides is functionally similar to that of other polyanions, is dependent on RSV G, and does not specifically relate to a protein-protein interaction between F and RhoA.

Category: Journal Article, Peer
PubMed ID: #15113882
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29