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Cell Immunol 2004 May;229(1):41-51

Mechanism of action of interleukin-13 antagonist (IL-13E13K) in cells expressing various types of IL-4R.

Kioi M, Kawakami K, Puri RK

Puri RK, US FDA, Lab Mol Tumor Biol, Div Cellular & Gene Therapies, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA US FDA, Lab Mol Tumor Biol, Div Cellular & Gene Therapies, Ctr Biol Evaluat & Res, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA

Abstract

As interleukin (IL)-13 and IL-4 play a major role in various diseases including asthma, allergy, and malignancies, it is desirable to generate a molecule that blocks the effects of both cytokines. We previously generated a human IL-13 mutant (IL-13E13K), which is a powerful antagonist of IL-13, blocking the biological activities of IL-13. We now show that IL-13E13K also competitively inhibits signaling and biological activities of IL-4 through type II and partially through type III IL-4 receptor (R) system. IL-13E13K completely blocked the IL-4-induced phosphorylation of STAT6 and IL-4-dependent protein synthesis in cells expressing type II and partially type III IL-4R but not type I IL- 4R. Consistent with the inhibition of biological activities, IL-13E13K inhibited IL-4 binding to type II IL-4R-expressing cells but not to type I IL-4R-expressing cells. The inhibition efficiency of IL-4 binding by IL-13E13K was relatively lower compared to wtIL-13 even though IL-13E13K bound to IL-13Ralpha1 positive cells with a similar affinity to wtIL-13. These results indicate that Glu13 in IL-13 associates with IL-4Ralpha, and mutation to lysine decreases its binding ability to IL-4Ralpha chain. IL-13E13K binds to IL- 13Ralpha1, which is shared by both IL-13R and IL-4R systems. Consequently, IL-13E13K inhibits IL-4 binding to these cells and prevents heterodimer formation between IL-13Ralpha1 and IL-4Ralpha chains. This interference by IL-13E13K blocks the biological activities of not only IL-13 but also partially of IL-4. Thus, IL-13E13K may be a useful agent for the treatment of diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, and cancer, which are dependent on signaling through both IL-4 and IL-13 receptors.


Category: Journal Article, Peer
PubMed ID: #15331327
Includes FDA Authors from Scientific Area(s): Biologics
Entry Created: 2011-10-04 Entry Last Modified: 2012-08-29
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