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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FDA Poisonous Plant Database

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AUTHOR(S): Ricks, M. R.; Vogel, P. S.; Elston, D. M.; Hivnor, C.
TITLE: Purpuric agave dermatitis.
YEAR: 1999 CITATION: J Am Acad Dermatol, 40(2 Part 2), 356-358 [English]
FDA #: NA
ABSTRACT: Agave americana is a low growing, thick, long-leaved, subtropical plant used for medicinal, commercial, and ornamental purposes. The plant's sap contains calcium oxalate crystals, acrid oils, saponins, and other compounds. Despite these known irritants, Agave-induced irritant dermatitis has rarely been reported. Previous case reports have noted a papulovesicular eruption consistent with an irritant contact dermatitis. We report a case of Agave-induced purpura in an otherwise healthy patient. Histopathology was consistent with an evolving leukocytoclastic vasculitis.
GRIN #: 1690 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME: agave
STANDARD COMMON NAME: century plant
FAMILYAgavaceae
LATIN NAMEAgave americana L.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEAgave americana L.
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