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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

FDA Poisonous Plant Database

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AUTHOR(S): Cosme, L. L.; Maranon, J.; Arida, V. P.
TITLE: Distribution of glycosides in Thevetia peruviana (Pers) Merr. and Nerium indicum Mill.
YEAR: 1958 CITATION: Philippine J Sci, 87(1), 1-6 [English]
FDA #: F06832
ABSTRACT: 1. A comparative study of the distribution of glycosides in Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) Merr. and Nerium indicum Mill. both belonging to the Apocynaceae family was made possible by the application of Knudson and Dresbach chemical method with modifications on the several tinctures (alcoholic extract 0.1 gm/cc) prepared from the different parts of the two plants. 2. A review of the results obtained in the two tables shows that the glycoside is nearly evenly distributed in the Nerium plant (adelfa) while the opposite is true in the case of Thevetia plant (campanero). Nerium stems and leaves contain three times as much glycoside as those of Thevetia but the kernel of the latter gives very much higher yield than the parts of the Nerium plant examined. 3. Out of the five varieties of Nerium it appears that propagation of the yellow and red varieties is recommended because of their higher total glycoside content. 4. In the extraction of the glycosides with 65 per cent alcohol, the period of maceration with shaking should be increased in both plants.
GRIN #: 25229 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME: oleander
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMENerium indicum Mill.
STANDARD PLANT NAMENerium oleander L.
GRIN #: 36532 Exit Disclaimer
COMMON NAME
STANDARD COMMON NAME
FAMILYApocynaceae
LATIN NAMEThevetia peruviana (Pers.) Merr.
STANDARD PLANT NAMEThevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum.
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