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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21

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The information on this page is current as of April 1 2020.

For the most up-to-date version of CFR Title 21, go to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (eCFR).

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Help | More About 21CFR
[Code of Federal Regulations]
[Title 21, Volume 8]
[Revised as of April 1, 2020]
[CITE: 21CFR876]





TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER H - MEDICAL DEVICES
 
PART 876GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES
 

Subpart E - Surgical Devices

Sec. 876.4020 Fiberoptic light ureteral catheter.

(a) Identification. A fiberoptic light ureteral catheter is a device that consists of a fiberoptic bundle that emits light throughout its length and is shaped so that it can be inserted into the ureter to enable the path of the ureter to be seen during lower abdominal or pelvic surgery.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 84 FR 71813, Dec. 30, 2019]

Sec. 876.4270 Colostomy rod.

(a) Identification. A colostomy rod is a device used during the loop colostomy procedure. A loop of colon is surgically brought out through the abdominal wall and the stiff colostomy rod is placed through the loop temporarily to keep the colon from slipping back through the surgical opening.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 84 FR 71813, Dec. 30, 2019]

Sec. 876.4300 Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories.

(a) Identification. An endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories is a device used to perform electrosurgical procedures through an endoscope. This generic type of device includes the electrosurgical generator, patient plate, electric biopsy forceps, electrode, flexible snare, electrosurgical alarm system, electrosurgical power supply unit, electrical clamp, self-opening rigid snare, flexible suction coagulator electrode, patient return wristlet, contact jelly, adaptor to the cord for transurethral surgical instruments, the electric cord for transurethral surgical instruments, and the transurethral desiccator.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 876.4310 Endoscopic electrosurgical clip cutting system.

(a) Identification. An endoscopic electrosurgical clip cutting system is a prescription device that applies electrical energy to fragment metallic clips, which are devices placed in the digestive tract to close gastrointestinal perforations, hemorrhages, or perform resection. The system includes instruments that are then used to remove the fragmented clips from the digestive tract.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are:

(1) Non-clinical performance testing must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. The following performance characteristics must be tested:

(i) Performance bench testing to evaluate the functionality (including stress, compatibility, usability, and reliability) of the device during use;

(ii) Electrical and thermal safety testing; and

(iii) Electromagnetic compatibility testing.

(2) Animal testing must evaluate tissue damage, including thermal effects, during the clip removal procedure. This testing must also evaluate usability and effectiveness of the device.

(3) The patient-contacting components of the device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible.

(4) Performance data must demonstrate the sterility of the device components intended to be provided sterile.

(5) Performance data must support shelf life by demonstrating continued sterility of the device (or the sterile components), package integrity, and device functionality over the labeled shelf life.

(6) Labeling of the device must include:

(i) Instructions for use, and

(ii) A shelf life for single use components.

[83 FR 27703, June 14, 2018]

Sec. 876.4340 High intensity ultrasound system for prostate tissue ablation.

(a) Identification. A high intensity ultrasound system for prostate tissue ablation is a prescription device that transmits high intensity therapeutic ultrasound energy into the prostate to thermally ablate a defined, targeted volume of tissue, performed under imaging guidance. This classification does not include devices that are intended for the treatment of any specific prostate disease and does not include devices that are intended to ablate non-prostatic tissues/organs.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are:

(1) Non-clinical performance data must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. The following performance characteristics must be tested:

(i) Characterization of acoustic pressure and power output at clinically relevant levels;

(ii) Measurement of targeting accuracy and reproducibility of high intensity ultrasound output;

(iii) Ultrasound-induced heating verification testing at target and non-target tissues;

(iv) Electrical safety testing; and

(v) Electromagnetic compatibility testing.

(2) Software verification, validation, and hazard analysis must be performed.

(3) The elements of the device that may contact the patient's mucosal tissue must be demonstrated to be biocompatible.

(4) Performance data must demonstrate the sterility of the device components that contact the patient's mucosal tissue.

(5) Performance data must support shelf life by demonstrating continued sterility of the device or the sterile components, package integrity, and device functionality over the identified shelf life.

(6) Performance data must support the instructions for reprocessing all reusable components.

(7) In vivo testing must demonstrate that the device thermally ablates targeted tissue in a controlled manner without thermal injury to adjacent, non-target tissues.

(8) Clinical testing must document the adverse event profile, provide evidence of prostatic ablation, and demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use.

(9) Training must be provided so that upon completion of the training program, the physician can:

(i) Use all safety features of the device;

(ii) Accurately target the high intensity ultrasound energy within the desired region of the prostate; and

(iii) Perform the ablation procedure in a manner that minimizes damage to non-target tissues.

(10) Labeling must include:

(i) A section that summarizes the clinical testing results, including the adverse event profile and evidence of prostate ablation achieved; and

(ii) An expiration date or shelf life for single use components.

[82 FR 45727, Oct. 2, 2017]

Sec. 876.4350 Fluid jet system for prostate tissue removal.

(a) Identification. A fluid jet system for prostate tissue removal is a prescription device intended for the resection and removal of prostatic tissue for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. The device cuts tissue by using a pressurized jet of fluid delivered to the prostatic urethra. The device is able to image the treatment area, or pairs with an imaging modality, to monitor treatment progress.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The special controls for this device are:

(1) Clinical performance testing must evaluate the following:

(i) All adverse events associated with the device, and

(ii) Improvement in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).

(2) Physician training must be provided that includes:

(i) Information on key aspects and use of the device, and

(ii) Information on how to override or stop resection.

(3) Animal testing must demonstrate that the device resects targeted tissue in a controlled manner without injury to adjacent non-target tissues.

(4) Non-clinical performance data must demonstrate that the device performs as intended under anticipated conditions of use. The following performance characteristics must be tested:

(i) Measurement of targeting accuracy and reproducibility of high velocity fluid jet, and

(ii) High pressure fluid jet verification testing at target and non-target tissues.

(5) Software verification, validation, and hazard analysis must be performed.

(6) The patient-contacting elements of the device must be demonstrated to be biocompatible.

(7) Performance data must demonstrate the electrical safety and electromagnetic compatibility of the device.

(8) Performance data must demonstrate the sterility of the patient-contacting components of the device.

(9) Performance data must support the shelf life of the device by demonstrating continued sterility, package integrity, and device functionality over the identified shelf life.

(10) Performance data must validate the instructions for reprocessing and reliability of reusable components.

(11) Labeling must include the following:

(i) A section that summarizes the clinical testing results, including the adverse event profile and improvement in LUTS;

(ii) A shelf life for single use components;

(iii) A use life for reusable components; and

(iv) Reprocessing instructions for reusable components.

[83 FR 27897, June 15, 2018]

Sec. 876.4370 Gastroenterology-urology evacuator.

(a) Identification. A gastroenterology-urology evacuator is a device used to remove debris and fluids during gastroenterological and urological procedures by drainage, aspiration, or irrigation. This generic type of device includes the fluid evacuator system, manually powered bladder evacuator, and the AC-powered vacuum pump.

(b) Classification. (1) Class II (special controls) for the gastroenterology-urology evacuator when other than manually powered. The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to § 876.9.

(2) Class I for the gastroenterology-urology evacuator when manually powered. The device subject to this paragraph (b)(2) is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 54 FR 25049, June 12, 1989; 63 FR 59228, Nov. 3, 1998]

Sec. 876.4400 Hemorrhoidal ligator.

(a) Identification. A hemorrhoidal ligator is a device used to cut off the blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue by means of a ligature or band placed around the hemorrhoid.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). Except for a hemostatic metal clip intended for use in the gastrointestinal tract, the device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 84 FR 71813, Dec. 30, 2019]

Sec. 876.4480 Electrohydraulic lithotriptor.

(a) Identification. An electrohydraulic lithotriptor is an AC-powered device used to fragment urinary bladder stones. It consists of a high voltage source connected by a cable to a bipolar electrode that is introduced into the urinary bladder through a cystoscope. The electrode is held against the stone in a water-filled bladder and repeated electrical discharges between the two poles of the electrode cause electrohydraulic shock waves which disintegrate the stone.

(b) Classification. Class II. The special control for this device is FDA's "Guidance for the Content of Premarket Notifications for Intracorporeal Lithotripters."

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 52 FR 17738, May 11, 1987; 65 FR 17145, Mar. 31, 2000]

Sec. 876.4500 Mechanical lithotriptor.

(a) Identification. A mechanical lithotriptor is a device with steel jaws that is inserted into the urinary bladder through the urethra to grasp and crush bladder stones.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The device, when it is a biliary mechanical lithotripter, is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 84 FR 71813, Dec. 30, 2019]

Sec. 876.4530 Gastroenterology-urology fiberoptic retractor.

(a) Identification. A gastroenterology-urology fiberoptic retractor is a device that consists of a mechanical retractor with a fiberoptic light system that is used to illuminate deep surgical sites.

(b) Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 54 FR 25049, June 12, 1989; 66 FR 38801, July 25, 2001]

Sec. 876.4560 Ribdam.

(a) Identification. A ribdam is a device that consists of a broad strip of latex with supporting ribs used to drain surgical wounds where copious urine drainage is expected.

(b) Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 54 FR 25049, June 12, 1989; 66 FR 38801, July 25, 2001]

Sec. 876.4590 Interlocking urethral sound.

(a) Identification. An interlocking urethral sound is a device that consists of two metal sounds (elongated instruments for exploring or sounding body cavities) with interlocking ends, such as with male and female threads or a rounded point and mating socket, used in the repair of a ruptured urethra. The device may include a protective cap to fit over the metal threads.

(b) Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 61 FR 1122, Jan. 16, 1996; 66 FR 38801, July 25, 2001]

Sec. 876.4620 Ureteral stent.

(a) Identification. A ureteral stent is a tube-like implanted device that is inserted into the ureter to provide ureteral rigidity and allow the passage of urine. The device may have finger-like protrusions or hooked ends to keep the tube in place. It is used in the treatment of ureteral injuries and ureteral obstruction.

(b) Classification. Class II (performance standards).

Sec. 876.4630 Ureteral stent accessories.

(a) Identification. Ureteral stent accessories aid in the insertion of the ureteral stent that is placed into the ureter to provide ureteral rigidity and allow the passage of urine. This generic type of device includes the stent positioner, wire guide, and pigtail straightener.

(b) Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[84 FR 14870, Apr. 12, 2019]

Sec. 876.4650 Water jet renal stone dislodger system.

(a) Identification. A water jet renal stone dislodger system is a device used to dislodge stones from renal calyces (recesses of the pelvis of the kidney) by means of a pressurized stream of water through a conduit. The device is used in the surgical removal of kidney stones.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 63 FR 59228, Nov. 3, 1998]

Sec. 876.4680 Ureteral stone dislodger.

(a) Identification. A ureteral stone dislodger is a device that consists of a bougie or a catheter with an expandable wire basket near the tip, a special flexible tip, or other special construction. It is inserted through a cystoscope and used to entrap and remove stones from the ureter. This generic type of device includes the metal basket and the flexible ureteral stone dislodger.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 63 FR 59228, Nov. 3, 1998]

Sec. 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.

(a) Identification. A manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories is a device designed to be used for gastroenterological and urological surgical procedures. The device may be nonpowered, hand-held, or hand-manipulated. Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instruments include the biopsy forceps cover, biopsy tray without biopsy instruments, line clamp, nonpowered rectal probe, nonelectrical clamp, colostomy spur-crushers, locking device for intestinal clamp, needle holder, gastro-urology hook, gastro-urology probe and director, nonself-retaining retractor, laparotomy rings, nonelectrical snare, rectal specula, bladder neck spreader, self-retaining retractor, and scoop. A manual surgical instrument that is intended specifically for use as an aid in the insertion, placement, fixation, or anchoring of surgical mesh during urogynecologic procedures are classified under § 884.4910 of this chapter.

(b) Classification. Class I (general controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 54 FR 25049, June 12, 1989; 66 FR 38801, July 25, 2001; 82 FR 12171, Mar. 1, 2017]

Sec. 876.4770 Urethrotome.

(a) Identification. A urethrotome is a device that is inserted into the urethra and used to cut urethral strictures and enlarge the urethra. It is a metal instrument equipped with a dorsal-fin cutting blade which can be elevated from its sheath. Some urethrotomes incorporate an optical channel for visual control.

(b) Classification. Class II (special controls). The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 84 FR 71813, Dec. 30, 2019]

Sec. 876.4890 Urological table and accessories.

(a) Identification. A urological table and accessories is a device that consists of a table, stirrups, and belts used to support a patient in a suitable position for endoscopic procedures of the lower urinary tract. The table can be adjusted into position manually or electrically.

(b) Classification. (1) Class II (special controls) for the electrically powered urological table and accessories. The device is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to § 876.9.

(2) Class I for the manually powered table and accessories, and for stirrups for electrically powered table. The device subject to this paragraph (b)(2) is exempt from the premarket notification procedures in subpart E of part 807 of this chapter subject to the limitations in § 876.9.

[48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, as amended at 61 FR 1122, Jan. 16, 1996; 63 FR 59228, Nov. 3, 1998; 66 FR 38801, July 25, 2001]

Authority: 21 U.S.C. 351, 360, 360c, 360e, 360j, 360l, 371.
Source: 48 FR 53023, Nov. 23, 1983, unless otherwise noted.

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