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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Recognized Consensus Standards

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Part B: Supplementary Information Sheet (SIS)
FR Recognition List Number 051 Date of Entry 01/14/2019 
FR Recognition Number 11-272
Standard
ASTM F1714-96 (Reapproved 2018)
Standard Guide for Gravimetric Wear Assessment of Prosthetic Hip Designs in Simulator Devices
Scope/Abstract
1.1 This guide describes a laboratory method using a weight-loss technique for evaluating the wear properties of materials or devices, or both, which are being considered for use as bearing surfaces of human-hip-joint replacement prostheses. The hip prostheses are evaluated in a device intended to simulate the tribological conditions encountered in the human hip joint, for example, use of a fluid such as bovine serum, or equivalent pseudosynovial fluid shown to simulate similar wear mechanisms and debris generation as found in vivo, and test frequencies of 1 Hz or less.

1.2 Since the hip simulator method permits the use of actual implant designs, materials, and physiological load/motion combinations, it can represent a more physiological simulation than basic wear-screening tests, such as pin-on-disk (see Practice F732) or ring-on-disk (see ISO 6474).

1.3 It is the intent of this guide to rank the combination of implant designs and materials with regard to material wear-rates, under simulated physiological conditions. It must be recognized, however, that there are many possible variations in the in vivo conditions, a single laboratory simulation with a fixed set of parameters may not be universally representative.

1.4 The reference materials for the comparative evaluation of candidate materials, new devices, or components, or a combination thereof, shall be the wear rate of extruded or compression-molded, ultra-high molecular weight (UHMW) polyethylene (see Specification F648) bearing against standard counter faces [stainless steel (see Specification F138); cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy (see Specification F75); thermomechanically processed cobalt chrome (see Specification F799); alumina ceramic (see Specification F603)], having typical prosthetic quality, surface finish, and geometry similar to those with established clinical history. These reference materials will be tested under the same wear conditions as the candidate materials.
Extent of Recognition
Complete standard
Rationale for Recognition
This standard is relevant to medical devices and is recognized on its scientific and technical merit and/or because it supports existing regulatory policies.
Public Law, CFR Citation(s) and Procode(s)*
Regulation Number Device Name Device Class Product Code
§888.3310 Prosthesis, Hip, Constrained, Cemented Or Uncemented, Metal/Polymer Class 2 KWZ
§888.3310 Prosthesis, Hip, Constrained, Cemented Or Uncemented, Metal/Polymer, + Additive Class 2 PBI
§888.3340 Prosthesis, Hip, Semi-Constrained, Composite/Metal Class 2 KMC
§888.3350 Hip, Semi-Constrained, Cemented, Metal/Polymer + Additive, Cemented Class 2 OQH
§888.3350 Prosthesis, Hip, Semi-Constrained, Metal/Polymer, Cemented Class 2 JDI
§888.3353 Hip, Semi-Constrained, Cemented, Metal/Ceramic/Polymer + Additive, Porous Uncemented Class 2 OQI
§888.3353 Prosthesis, Hip, Semi-Constrained, Metal/Ceramic/Polymer, Cemented Or Non-Porous Cemented, Osteophilic Finish Class 2 MAY
§888.3353 Prosthesis, Hip, Semi-Constrained, Metal/Ceramic/Polymer, Cemented Or Non-Porous, Uncemented Class 2 LZO
§888.3353 Prosthesis, Hip, Semi-Constrained, Uncemented, Metal / Polymer, Non-Porous, Calcium Phosphate Class 2 MEH
§888.3358 Hip Prosthesis, Semi-Constrained, Cemented, Metal/Polymer, + Additive, Porous, Uncemented Class 2 OQG
§888.3358 Prosthesis, Hip, Semi-Constrained, Metal/Polymer, Porous Uncemented Class 2 LPH
§888.3358 Prosthesis, Hip, Semi-Constrained, Uncemented, Metal/Polymer, Porous Class 2 MBL
§888.3390 Prosthesis, Hip, Hemi-, Femoral, Metal/Polymer, Cemented Or Uncemented Class 2 KWY
FDA Technical Contact
 John Goode
  FDA/OC/CDRH/OPEQ/OHTVI/DHTVIA/
  301-796-6407
  john.goode@fda.hhs.gov
Standards Development Organization
ASTM ASTM International http://www.astm.org/
FDA Specialty Task Group (STG)
Orthopedic
*These are provided as examples and others may be applicable.
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